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 Method of Salaah (Hanafi)

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PostSubject: Method of Salaah (Hanafi)   Method of Salaah (Hanafi) Icon_minitimeThu 17 Dec 2009 - 6:11

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم


اَلْحَمْدُ ﷲ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ ط وَالصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلٰى سَيِّدِ الْمُرْسَلِيْنْ ط

اَمَّابَعْدُ! فَاَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمْ ط بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم ْط

Method of Salaah (Hanafi)


No matter how hard Satan tries to prevent you from reading this booklet, read it through completely.In?shaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل you will see the benefits for yourself.

Excellence of Durood Shareef

The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said to a person who praised Allah عَزَّوَجَل and then read Durood after his Salaah, "Make Dua it will be accepted, ask, it will be granted".

(Sunan Nasai, V1, P189, Bab-ul-Madina Karachi)

صَلُّوْا عَلَى الْحَبيْب صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

My Dear Islamic brothers! The Qur?an and Hadith mention many virtues of praying Salaah and severe punishments for not praying. The 9th verse of Sura-tul-Munafiqoon in Part 28 says:

Translation Kanzul Imaan:

O believers! Do not let your wealth or your children distract you from the remembrance of Allahعَزَّوَجَل and those who do are in loss.

Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad bin Ahmad Zahabi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه narrates that the commentators of the Qur?an say that in this Holy verse by the remembrance of Allah عَزَّوَجَل is meant the five daily Salaah. Therefore, anyone who remains engaged in his wealth i.e. buying and selling, earning a livelihood, merchandise and children and does not pray his Salaah is in loss.

(Kitabul Kabaa?ir, P20, Beirut)

The first question on the day of Judgement

The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has said, "On the day of judgement the first action that a man will be asked about is Salaah. If it is fulfilled he will succeed but if it is incomplete, he will be disappointed and will be in loss"

(Kanz-ul-Ummal, V7, P115, Hadith 18883, Dar-ul-kutubul ilmiyyah, Beirut)

Light for the one who prays

The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has said, "If a person protects his Salaah, on the day of judgement his Salaah will be light, proof and salvation for him. And if anyone does not protect it then on the day of judgement there will be no light, proof or salvation for him, and on that day he will be with Fir?oun, Qaroon, Hamaan and Ubay bin Khalaf".

(Majma-uz-Zawaid, V2, P21, Hadith 1611, Dar-ul-Fikr, Beirut)

Who will one be resurrected with

My Dear Islamic brothers! Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad bin Ahmad Zahabi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه narrates, "Some honourable scholars ﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢﺍﷲ say that the one who neglects Salaah will be with these 4 (Fir?oun, Qaroon, Hamaan and Ubay bin Khalaf) because people usually miss their Salaah due to wealth, property, administrative work and business. If anyone misses his Salaah due to being involved with his property he will be with Fir?oun. If anyone misses his Salaah due to wealth he will be with Qaroon. If the reason for missing Salaah is administrative work he will be with Fir?oun?s administrator Hamaan and if the reason is business then he will be with the head trader of unbelievers in Makka-tul-Mukarramah Ubay bin Khalaf".(Kitabul Kabaa?ir, P21, Dar Maktaba-tul-Hayah, Beirut)

Salaah in a severely wounded state

When Sayyiduna Umar Farooq-e-Azam رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ was severely wounded he was told, "Oh leader of the believers, the Salaah!" He رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ said, "Yes, truly! Anyone who forsakes Salaah is to have no share in Islam", and thereupon he prayed whilst his wounds were bleeding.

Salaah is either light or dark

Sayyiduna Ubada bin Saamit رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that the Merciful Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "The one who does Wudhu well and then stands for Salaah and completes the ruku?, sujood and recitation, his Salaah says, "May Allah عَزَّوَجَل protect you the way you have protected me". The Salaah is then elevated to the sky and it sparkles with light. The gates of the skies are opened for it so it reaches the court of Allah عَزَّوَجَل and then it intercedes for the one who prayed it. But if he does not do ruku?, sujood and recite well then it says, "May Allah عَزَّوَجَل abandon you the way you have ruined me". That Salaah is then taken to the skies and is shadowed by darkness. The gates of the skies are closed for it. It is then folded up like an old piece of cloth and thrown onto the persons face".

(Kanz-ul-Ummal, V7, P129, Hadith 19049)

One of the reasons for a bad death

Sayyiduna Imam Bukhari رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says that Sayyiduna Huzaifa رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ saw a person not performing his ruku? and sujood properly during his Salaah. He رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ said, "If you die whilst praying a Salaah like the one you have just prayed you will not die on the path of Sayyiduna Muhammad صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم". (Sahih Bukhari, V1. P112) The report in Sunan Nasai mentions that He رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ asked, "How long have you been praying Salaah like this?" The man replied, "40 years". He رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ said, "Then you haven?t even prayed for the past 40 years, if you die in this state you will not die following the religion of Muhammad صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم". (Sunan Nasai, V2, P58 Dar-ul-Jeel, Beirut)

The Salaah thief

Hazrat?e Sayyiduna Abu Qataada رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "The worst of thieves is he who steals in his Salaah". He was asked, "O Messenger of Allah عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم who is the Salaah thief?" He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم replied, "The one who does not do his ruku? or sujood properly".

(Musnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, V8, P386, Hadith 22705 Dar-ul-Fikr, Beirut)

Two (2) types of thieves

The famous commentator of the Qur?an, Hakeem-ul-Ummat Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه comments on this Hadith saying, "This tells us that the Salaah thief is worse than the money thief because an ordinary thief will gain worldly profit although he may be punished (in the hereafter) but a Salaah thief will be punished but gain no profit at all. An ordinary thief betrays people but a Salaah thief disobeys Allah عَزَّوَجَل. These are the people that pray their Salaah incompletely; so those who do not pray at all should learn a lesson. (Mir?at, V2, P78, Zia-ul-Qur?an publications)

My Dear Islamic brothers! Many of us do not pray at all, and the majority of those that do pray, because of lacking interest in learning the Sunnah, are deprived of praying properly. What follows is a brief description of how to pray Salaah. For the sake of Madina! Read it carefully and correct your Salaah.
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PostSubject: Re: Method of Salaah (Hanafi)   Method of Salaah (Hanafi) Icon_minitimeThu 17 Dec 2009 - 6:12

Method of Salaah (Hanafi)

Stand facing the Qibla in a state of Wudhu with a distance of four fingers between your feet. Now raise both hands and touch the ear lobes with the thumbs, the fingers should neither be too wide apart nor too close; in fact they should remain in a normal position and be facing the Qibla. At this point you should be looking at the place of Sajdah. Now make a firm intention in the heart regarding the Salaah that you are about to pray, to say it verbally is even better (for example, "I intend to pray 4 rak?at for today?s fardhh Zuhr Salaah", if you are in a congregation then add, "Behind this Imam"). Now whilst saying Takbeer-e-Tahreema i.e. Allahu Akbar lower the hands and place them under the navel with the right palm on the back of the left hand, the 3 fingers in the middle on the back of the left wrist, and the thumb and the small finger around the wrist. Now read thana? like this:

Glory is to you O Allah عَزَّوَجَل! I recite Your praises, Blessed is Your name, You are the most exalted and none is worthy of worship besides You. Glory is to you O Allah عَزَّوَجَل! I recite Your praises, Blessed is Your name, You are the most exalted and none is worthy of worship besides You.

Then read ta?awwuz:- I seek the protection of Allah عَزَّوَجَل from the accursed Satan

Then read tasmiyyah:- Allah عَزَّوَجَل?s name I begin with, the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful.

Then read the whole of Sura Fatiha:-

Translation Kanzul-Imaan: All praise unto Allah عَزَّوَجَل, Lord of all the worlds. The most Affectionate, The Merciful. Master of the Day of Requital. We worship You alone, and beg You alone for help. Guide us in the straight path. The path of those whom You have favoured.

Not of those who have earned Your anger and nor of those who have gone astray.

Once you have finished Sura Fatiha say a آمين (Aameen) quietly and then recite either 3 verses or one long verse which is equivalent to three short verses or any chapter of the Qur?an for example Sura Ikhlaas: -

Translation Kanzul-Imaan: Allah عَزَّوَجَل?s name I begin with,

Most Compassionate the Most Merciful. Say you, He is Allah, the one. Allah the Independent, Care free. He begot none' nor was He begotten. And nor anyone is equal to Him.

Now as you say اَللهُ اَکبَر (Allahu Akbar) bow down into Ruku? and hold your knees with both palms firmly with the fingers spread out. The back should be lowered with the head in line with it, in this position you should be looking at your feet. Read the tasbih for Ruku i.e.سُبحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْم at least three times. Then say tasmee? i.e. سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه and take the standing position again as you say it, this standing straight after ruku? is a called Qauma. If you are a munfarid i.e. you are praying alone then say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد. After that say Allahu Akbar and at the same time go down to do Sajdah. First the knees then the hands then the head should touch the floor (first the nose then the forehead). You must take care to make sure that the nasal bone and the forehead firmly press against the ground and not just the tip of the nose. You should be looking at your nose in this position. The arms should be distanced from the sides of the body, the stomach should be kept distanced from the thighs and the thighs should be kept apart from the shins during the Sajdah (but if you are in the congregation then keep your arms close to your body). All ten toes should be facing the Qibla (the soles of the toes). The palms should be flat on the ground with the fingers pointing towards Qibla, but make sure your forearms do not touch the ground. Now recite سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْاَعْلٰي at least 3 times and then lift your head (first forehead, then nose, then hands) and sit up straight. The way to sit is to keep your right foot straight with its toes facing Qibla and lay the left foot flat, it is this foot you should sit on. The palms in this position should be on the thighs close to the knees with the fingers facing Qibla. Sitting in between the two prostrations is called Jalsa. You must stay in this position for at least the amount of time it takes to say Subhan-Allah once (to say اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِيْ i.e. Oh! Allah Azawajal forgive me, in this position is desirable). Now say ?Allahu Akbar? and at the same time make a second prostration the same as the first. Now stand up straight lifting the head first, then the hands, then the knees (with the hands on them). Do not rest your hands unnecessarily on the ground as you get up. You have completed one whole rak?at. Now in the second rak?at start withبسم الله الرحمن الرحيم and then read Sura Fatiha and another Sura. After this, do the ruku? and sujood as you did for the first rak?at. After completing the second sajdah sit up straight with the right foot straight and the left foot spread out. To sit after 2 rak?aat is called qa?dah. In qa?dah you must read tashahhud:

All types of worship, oral, physical and monetary are for Allah عَزَّوَجَل. Peace be upon you O Prophet and the mercy and blessings of Allah عَزَّوَجَل. Peace be upon us and the righteous Servants of Allah عَزَّوَجَل. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah عَزَّوَجَل and I bear witness that Muhammad صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم is His Servant and Messenger.

When you get close to saying the word لا "laa" in tashahhud, form a circle with the middle finger and thumb of the left hand and at the same time close the small finger and the finger next to it. As soon as you say the word "laa" (immediately after "ash?hadu al") raise your index finger without waving it from side to side and lower it as soon as you reach اِلا "illaa", straightening the hand out immediately. If you are praying more than two rak?aat then stand up straight reciting Allahu Akbar. If the Salaah is fardhh then in the 3rd and 4th rak?aat read بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم and Alhamd shareef, an additional Sura is not needed. The rest of the actions must be performed the same as before, but if the Salaah is Sunnah or nafl then an additional Sura must be added after Sura Fatiha (You must remember that if you are standing behind an Imam you cannot recite anything in any of the rak?aat, in fact you must stand quietly). Once you have prayed all 4 rak?aat, sit in Qa?dah Akheerah (the last sitting), and then read tashahhud plus

Durood-e-Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم (which is):

O Allah عَزَّوَجَل send Durood on (Our Master) Muhammad and on his Family as you sent Durood On our Master Ibrahim and his family. Indeed you alone are praise worthy and Glorious. O Allah عَزَّوَجَل shower your blessings On our Master Muhammad and his family Like you showered blessings on our Master Ibrahim and his family. Indeed You are praise worthy and Glorious.

Then read any Dua-e-Mathura e.g.:-

O Allah عَزَّوَجَل! Our Lord! Grant us the good of this world and the good of the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the fire.

To end the Salaah, first look towards the right shoulder and say اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْکُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اﷲ and then do the same for the left shoulder. Now your Salaah has ended.(Maraqilfalah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P278, Ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P261, Karachi)

A few differences in the way Islamic sisters pray

The method mentioned is for an Imaam or a male praying on his own. Islamic Sisters should lift their hands for the Takbeer-e-Tahreema to their shoulders and keep them tucked inside their mantles. (Al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P246). In the position of qiyam, the hands should be placed below the chest with the right palm on top of the left. They should bend only slightly in ruku?, enough to place the hands on the knees; they should not press against their knees or grab them tightly, their fingers should be kept close and knees slightly bent, not completely straight like men. (Fatawa Alamgiri, V1, P73) In sajdah, the body should be kept close together, i.e. the arms should touch the sides, the stomach should touch the thighs, the thighs should touch the shins and the shins should touch the ground. (Al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P267). Both feet should point backwards in sajdah and in qa?dah both feet should be pointing towards the right and they should sit on the left buttock. Both hands should be in the centre of both thighs. The remaining detail is the same.

(Al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P272)

Both should pay attention to this!

Some of the things in the described method of Salaah for both Islamic brothers and Islamic sisters are fardhh, (without which the Salaah is invalid) some are wajib, (to miss any of these deliberately is a sin, to repent and repeat the Salaah in this case is wajib, and if any one of these is missed unintentionally then sajdah sahw becomes wajib) some are sunnah mu?akkadah, (to develop a habit of missing these is a sin) and some are mustahab (to perform these is a virtuous act but to miss them is not a sin). (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P66, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)

6 conditions of Salaah (for the 6 letters of ""يا الله)

(1) Cleansiness (Tahaarat): The person?s body, clothes and place of prayer must be pure from all types of impurity.

(mariqilfalah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P207)

(2) Covering of the body (Sitr-e-Aurat):
2.1- Men must have all the skin from below the navel to below the knees covered. However, women must have the whole body covered except these five areas: the face, both palms and the soles of both feet. According to one Mufta Bihi (statement upon which a fatwa is given) the Salaah will be valid if both hands (up to the wrists) and both feet (up to the ankles) are completely exposed. (ad?durrul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P93)
2.2- If you wear very thin clothing that reveals any part of the body which must be covered or allows the colour of the skin to be recognised the Salaah will not be valid. (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P58)
(3) The trend of wearing extremely thin clothing nowadays is becoming even more popular by the day. Wearing such thin trousers that expose the thighs or any other part of the sitr is Haraam even when not praying Salaah. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P42, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
(4) Wearing thick clothes that conceal the body but fit very tightly and reveal the outline of the sitr will not invalidate the Salaah but to look at that area of the body is not permissible for other people. (rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P103). To wear such clothes in front of others is prohibited and this prohibition is stricter for women. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P42, Madina-tul- Murshid Bareili Shareef)
(5) Some women wear scarves made of muslin that reveal the blackness of the hair or wear clothes that reveal the colour of the skin, Salaah is not valid in such clothes.

(3) Facing the Qibla (Istiqbaal-e-Qibla):
3.1 If you turn your chest away from Qibla deliberately without a proper excuse the Salaah will become invalid, even if you turn back instantly. However if it was unintentional and you turned back towards the Qibla before the time taken to say ?Subhan-Allah? 3 times, the Salaah will still be valid. (al bah-rur-raiq, V1, P497)
3.2 If only the face is turned away from Qibla then it is wajib to turn back instantly and the Salaah will be valid, however to do this without a proper excuse is makrooh tahrimi. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P222, Karachi) (3) If you are in a place where there is no means to determine the direction of qiblah and there is no Muslim to ask either then you must do tahar?ree, i.e. concentrate and wherever your heart guides you as to where the direction of Qibla is, face that direction. Wherever you face will be considered Qibla for you. (al hadayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P236)
(4) If after doing tahar?ree you pray your Salaah and then realise that you weren?t facing qiblah the Salaah will still be valid, it does not need to be repeated (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P64)
(5) If someone has done tahar?ree and whilst praying his Salaah another person sees him and without doing tahar?ree himself faces the same direction his Salaah will not be valid. The second person must also do tahar?ree. (rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P143)

(4) Time (Waqt): It is important that the time for the present Salaah have begun. For example if you are praying today?s Asr you must make sure the time for Asr has begun. If it is prayed before it starts, the Salaah will not be valid. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P224)
4.1 There are usually timetables available in the Masajid to determine times for Salaah. To use a timetable compiled by a reliable astronomer that is certified by AhleSunnah scholars is convenient.
4.2 For Islamic sisters it is mustahab to pray Fajr early, and for the other Salaah they should wait for the brothers to have finished praying with their congregation. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P30)

The Three Makrooh Times:
(1) From sunrise up until 20 minutes after
(2) From 20 minutes before sunset up until sunset
(3) From mid-day to when the sun begins to decline. Salaah, whether it be fardhh, wajib, nafl or qadha is permissible in these three times. However if you have not prayed the Asr of that day and the Makrooh time has begun, it can be prayed but to delay it to this extent is Haraam. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P40 ? Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P23, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareil Shareef)

What if the Makrooh time begins while praying Salaah?

The Salaam for Asr should be said at least 20 minutes before sunset. AlaHazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says, "The more Salaa-tul-Asr is delayed the better, however, it should be completed before the Makrooh time begins". (fatawa Razawaiyyah Shareef jadeed, V5, P156) If he takes care and prays a lengthy Salaah allowing the Makrooh time to begin during the Salaah then this is alright". (fatawa Razawiyyah Shareef jadeed, V5, P139)

(5) Intention (Niyyat): Niyyat means "firm intention". (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P215, Karachi)
5.1- To pronounce the intention verbally is not necessary but to say it is better. (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P65). If you do say it verbally, it is not necessary that it be in Arabic, it can be in Urdu or any other language. (mulakhkhas az ad dur-rul-muhtar ma? rad-ul-mukhtar, V2, P113)
5.2- It is not the words pronounced that matter, for example if you intend to pray Zuhr in your heart but you say the word Asr, your Zuhr Salaah will still be valid. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P112)
5.3- The least extent of the niyyah is that if some one was to ask you what Salaah you are praying, you should be able to answer immediately without having to think. If you require time to think then the Salaah is not valid. (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P65)
5.4- If the Salaah is fardh the intention for fardhh must also be included, e.g. I am praying the fardh of today?s Zuhr. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar, rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P116)
5.5- For Salaah that is either nafl, Sunnah or taraweeh, the general intention of Salaah is sufficient (without mentioning nafl, sunnah or taraweeh), this is the strongest opinion, but as a precaution you should make the intention for "taraweeh" or the "present sunnah" for taraweeh Salaah and make the intention for "Sunnah" or "Imitation of the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم" for the other sunan, because some mashaikh ﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢﺍﷲ have declared it insufficient to make a general intention for these Salaah. (munya-tul-musallee, ma? ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P245)
5.6- For nafl Salaah, the general intention of Salaah is sufficient even if the concept of nafl is not intended. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar, rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P166)
5.7- To mention that your face is towards Qibla is not a condition
5.8- If a person is following an Imam he can say, "I intend to pray the same Salaah that the Imam is praying" (saying only this would be sufficient). (alamgiri, V1, P66)
5.9- The intention for the funeral Salaah is, "This Salaah is for Allah عَزَّوَجَل and the Dua is for this deceased". (ad dur-rul-mukhtar, rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P126)
5.10- To intend "wajib" for Salaah that is wajib is necessary, and it should also be specified; for example Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha, Nazr (oath), Salaah after tawaaf (Wajib-ut-Tawaaf) or the nafl Salaah that was deliberately invalidated (because the qadha of such Salaah is also wajib). (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P222)
5.11- Sajda shukr is nafl but despite this its intention is necessary; e.g. I am doing sajdah shukr. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P120)
5.12- According to the author of ?Nahr-ul-Faiq?, the intention is necessary even for sajda sahw i.e. one should know in his heart that he is doing sajdah sahw.

(6) Takbeer-e-Tahreema: Starting Salaah while saying "Allahu Akbar" is compulsory. (alamgiri, V1, P67)


The 7 faraidh of Salaah (In accordance to the 7 letters of بسم الله)


(1) Takbeer-e-Tahreema (2) Qiyaam (3) Qiraa?at (4) Ruku? (5) Sujood (6) Qa?dah Akheerah (7) Khurooj-e-bisun?ihi. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P253-286)

(1) Takbeer-e-Tahreema: In actual fact Takbeer-e-Tahreema (also called Takbeer-e-Oola) is amongst the conditions of Salaah but because it is attached so closely to the actions within Salaah it is also included amongst the faraidh. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P253)
1.1-If the Muqtadi (one behind the Imam) says the word ?Allah? of the Takbeer-e-Tahreema with the Imam but the word ?Akbar? before him, his Salaah will not be valid. (alamgiri, V1, P68)
1.2- If the Muqtadi sees the Imaam in the ruku? and joins him by instantly bending for ruku? and saying the Takbeer at the same time (i.e. if he was to stretch his arms out and by the time he finishes the takbeer his hands would reach his knees) the Salaah will not be valid. (khulasa-tul-fatawa, V1, P83) (In this case what should be done is that the person should say the Takbeer-e-Tahreema in a standing position and then say Allahu Akbar again for ruku? and bow down. If you manage to join the Imam in ruku? even for a split second, that rak?at will be taken in to account, but if the Imam stands up before you join him in the ruku?, that rak?at will not be taken into account.
1.3- If any one is unable to pronounce the Takbeer because he his dumb or cant speak due to any other reason, he does not have to say it. To make the intention is sufficient for such a person. (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P109)
1.4- If the word Allah is read with a stretched alif (Aallah), or the word Akbar is read with a stretched alif (Aakbar) or stretched ba (Akbaar), the Salaah will be invalid. In fact if some one deliberately understands what these words mean and then says it he will become a kafir (due to the gross change in the meaning). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P177) When there are a lot of people in the congregation, Mukabbirs are sometimes used to convey the Takbeer to the people standing at a distance from the Imaam, but nowadays due to a lack of knowledge, Mukabbireen are heard saying ?Akbaar? instead of Akbar. This invalidates their own Salaah as well as the Salaah of the people who pray following their voices. Therefore, one should refrain from becoming a Mukabbir without learning the rulings that are involved. (5) If the ruku? of the first rak?at is done with the Imaam, you will gain the blessings of Takbeer-e-Oola. (alamgiri, V1, P69)

(2) Qiyaam: (To Stand)
2.1- The minimum requirement for qiyaam is to stand so that if you were to let your hands drop down they would not reach your knees. And complete qiyaam is to stand completely straight. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P163)
2.2- The duration for qiyaam is the same as for the qira?at. To stand for fardh qira?at is fardh for the duration it takes to complete it, to stand for wajib qira?at is wajib and for Sunnah is Sunnah.
2.3- Qiyaam is fardh for prayers that are fardh, witr, Eidain and the Sunan of Fajr Salaah. If anyone was to pray any of these Salaah in a sitting position without a proper reason it would not be valid.
2.4- Merely feeling a slight amount of pain due to standing is not a valid excuse to to sit down. In fact, praying in a sitting position will only be permissible in the following cases; if it is not possible to stand or prostrate, if standing or prostrating causes bleeding, if standing causes a discharge of urine, if standing results in a quarter of the sitr being exposed, if you are not able to recite the Qur?an in a standing position, if standing is possible but results in a sickness being intensified or prolonged, or if standing results in unbearable pain. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P258)
2.5- If it is possible for you to stand leaning on a staff or against a servant or a wall then it is fardh to do so. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P258)
2.6- If it is only possible for you to stand for the Takbeer-e-Tahreema then it is fardh for you to say Allahu Akabar standing up, and then (if it is not possible to remain standing) you can sit down. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P259)

WARNING! The people who pray their fardh Salaah sitting down due to the slightest amount of pain should look very carefully at this ruling. It is fardh to repeat all the Salaah that were prayed sitting down despite having the ability to stand. Similarly, all the Salaah in which it was not possible to stand but standing with the help of a staff, wall or person was possible and that person sat down, the Salaah are invalid and to repeat them is fardh. (mulakhkhas az Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P64, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef) The same ruling applies to women, i.e. they cannot pray in a sitting position without a valid reason. Some Masajid have chairs to facilitate needy people, but they are used to pray by people who have walked to the Masjid and are seen standing talking to others. If such people pray sitting down without a valid reason their Salaah will not be valid.

2.7- To pray nafl Salaah in a sitting position despite having the ability to stand is permissible, however, it is better to pray them standing up. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Amr رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that the Blessed Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "The Salaah of the one sitting down is half of the one praying standing up (the reward is half)". (Sahih Muslim, V1, P253) However, the reward will not be reduced if you pray it like this due to a valid reason. Nowadays, praying nafl Salaah sitting down has become a trend. It seems as if people believe it is better to pray these sitting down, if that is the case they are mistaken. The same ruling applies to the 2 rak?at nafl after the witr (to pray them standing up is better). (Bahar-e-Shariat, V4, P17, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)

(3) Qiraa?at:
3.1- Definition of qira?at: ?To pronounce each and every letter from its correct place of origin so that each letter is clearly different to every other letter?. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
3.2- Even when reciting quietly, the reader must be able to hear himself. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P271)
3.3- If the letters are pronounced correctly but not loud enough for the reader to hear himself (considering there is no obstruction such as noise or being hard of hearing) then the Salaah will not be valid. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
3.4- Even though it is necessary for the reader to be able to hear himself, it is important to remember that care must be taken not to allow others to hear your recitation in sirree (silent) Salaah. The same care should be taken regarding the tasbihat.
3.5- The same ruling applies to formulas or Islamic rulings other than those read during Salaah (they must be read loud enough for the reader to hear himself), examples are: when giving talaq, freeing a slave, and saying the name of Allah عَزَّوَجَل in order to slaughter an animal. In all these cases the words must be said loud enough for the speaker to hear himself. The same should be kept in mind when reading Durood Shareef and other formulas.
3.6- To recite one verse in the first two rak?aat of fardh Salaah and every rak?at of witr, sunan and nawafil Salaah is fardh for an Imaam and Munfarid. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P226)
3.7- A muqtadi is not allowed to recite anything in Salaah, not surah Fatiha nor any other verse. Not in a sirree Salaah (Salaah in which the qira?at must be silent) nor any jahri Salaah (Salaah in which qira?at must be loud). The qira?at of the Imam is sufficient for the muqtadi. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P227) 3.8- If you did not do qira?at in any rak?at at all or only one rak?at the Salaah will be invalid. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
3.9- You should recite the Qur?an steadily in fardh Salaah and at a medium pace in taraweeh Salaah. To read quickly in nawafil of the night is permissible however the words should be understandable, i.e. the mad?daat (stretches) should be of the minimum duration set by Qurra or else it would be Haraam because we have been commanded to recite the Qur?an with tarteel (steadily/calmly). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P363) The way Huffaz read these days is that it is hard to understand anything other than ya?lamoon ta?lamoon (never mind the mad daat), the letters are not pronounced properly, in fact many letters are even missed out and above this the hufaaz boast amongst themselves about the speed of their recitation, whereas reading in such a manner is Haraam, strictly Haraam. (Bahar-e-Shariat, V3, P86-87, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)

To pronounce the letters properly is vital

The majority of people do not distinguish between ﻁ ﺖ ,ﺱ ﺹ ﺙ ,ﺍ ﺀﻉ ,ه ﺡ ,ﺽ ﺫ ﻅ. Remember if changing the sound of the letter causes a major change in the meaning of the word the Salaah will not be accepted. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part. 3, P108, Maktaba Razawiyyah). For example if someone says عَزِيْم instead of عَظِيْم (with a ﺰ instead of a ﻅ) in the word سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْم, his Salaah will become invalid. If someone cannot read عَظِيْم properly, he should say the word سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْکَرِيْم instead. (Qanoon-e-Shariat, Part 1, P119, Farid Book Stall Lahore)

WARNING! WARNING! WARNING!

Someone who cannot pronounce the letters properly should not merely rely on only a bit of practice; in fact he must practice hard day and night. If such a person can pray behind someone who recites properly then it is fardh for him to do so or he must read only those verses that he can recite properly. If neither of these is possible then during the practice period his own Salaah will be valid. A lot of people these days have this problem. Many do not know how to read the Qur?an but do not learn either. Remember, in this way Salaah is ruined. (mulakhkhas az Bahar-e-Shariat) If someone spends his days and nights practicing but fails to succeed, as some people do find it impossible to pronounce the letters properly, then he must practice throughout the whole day and during the practice period he will be considered excused. His own Salaah will be valid but he will not be allowed to lead in prayer those who can read properly, however, if others make the same mistakes as him (i.e. the letters they can?t pronounce are the same) then he can lead them in prayer during the practice period, but if he does not make an effort to begin with then even his own Salaah is not valid (never mind leading others). (makhooz az fatawa Razawiyyah, V6, P254, Raza Foundation Lahore)

Madrassa-tul-Madina

My Dear Islamic brothers! You have now probably realised the importance of correcting your qira?at. Any Muslim who does not learn how to read the Qur?an correctly is very unfortunate. Alamdu-Lillah عَزَّوَجَل numerous Madaris by the name of ?Madrassa-tul-Madina? have been established by the international non political propagational movement of the Qur?an and Sunnah, Dawat-e-Islami. In these schools, girls and boys are taught hifz and nazira free of charge. Apart from this, adults are usually taught proper pronounciation after Salaa-tul-Isha as well as being given training regarding the blessed Sunnah. If only we would start teaching the Qur?an in each and every house. If only every Islamic brother who knows how to read the Qur?an properly starts teaching all Islamic brothers who don?t know. Islamic sisters should do the same. Those sisters who can read properly should teach those who cannot and those that cannot should learn from them. Inshaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل then we will see the teachings of the Qur?an blossoming everywhere and those that learn and teach will be earning a huge amount of reward, Inshaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل.


(4) Ruku?: The minimum amount of bowing that is required for the ruku? to be valid is to bow enough to allow yourself to touch your knees if you were to let your arms drop. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P166) However the full ruku? is to straighten the back. (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P229)


Our Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has said, "Allah عَزَّوَجَل does not look at the Salaah of a person in which he does not straighten his back during ruku? and sujood". (musnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, V3, P617, Hadith 10803, Darul Fikr Beirut)

(5) Sujood:
5.1- The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has said, "I have been ordered to prostrate on 7 bones, the face, both hands, both knees and both feet, and I have been commanded not to fold my clothes and hair. (Sahih Muslim, V1, P193)
5.2- Two prostrations are fardh in each rak?at. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P167)
5.3- It is important that the forehead be pressed firmly whilst prostrating. To press firmly means that the hardness of the ground must be felt. If the forehead is not pressed like this the sajdah will not be valid. (alamgiri, V1, P70)
5.4- If you prostrate on something soft like grass, wool or a carpet and the forehead is pressed firmly onto it (i.e. you?ve pressed it so hard that it cannot be pressed any more) then the sajdah will be considered valid or else not. (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P117)
5.5- Our Masajid usually have carpets in them these days (infact in some carpets have foam underneath them) therefore it is important when doing sajdah on these carpets that the forehead be pressed firmly, otherwise the Salaah will not be valid. If the nasal bone does not press against the ground it will be Makrooh-e-Tehreemi and the Salaah must be repeated. (mulakhkhas az Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P71)
5.6- It is not possible to press one?s forehead on a spring mattress therefore Salaah will not be valid on this.

Disadvantages of carpets

Carpets make it very hard to do sajdah properly and apart from this they are very rarely cleaned properly, which means that dust and germs accumulate inside them. The dust and germs enter our bodies during breathing whilst in sajdah. If particles of the carpet are inhaled they may enter the lungs and stick there which ma?aaz-Allah عَزَّوَجَل could lead to cancer. Sometimes children vomit or urinate on these carpets, or animals may stain them, and in such cases no one bothers to purify them. If only this trend of laying carpets in the Masajid would end.

How to purify an impure carpet

Wash the impure area of the carpet and let it hang until not even a single drop of water falls from it. Then let it hang after washing it a second time until it stops dripping again. Repeat this a third time. Now the third time it stops dripping it will be considered pure. Rugs, shoes and clay pots that soak up water should be washed according to this method. Another way of purifying these things is to dip the impure carpet or cloth in flowing water (a river, stream, or under a tap) long enough to give you the impression that the impurity has been washed away. If a small child urinates on a carpet then simply splashing a few drops of water onto the area is not enough. Remember that the urine of even a one-day old baby is impure. (For detailed information see part 2 of Bahar-e-Shariat)

(6) Qa?dah Akheerah: Sitting at the end of all the rak?aat for the time it takes to read the whole of tashahhud (attahiyyat) up to warasooluhu is fardh. (alamgiri, V1, P70). If you are praying a four rak?aat Salaah and forget to sit at the end of the fourth rak?at and you have not yet done the sajdah of the fifth rak?at then you must sit down immediately. However if you have done the sajdah of the fifth rakat (or in case of Fajr the sajdah of the third rak?at and in case of Maghrib the sajdah of the fourth rak?at) the fardh will be rendered invalid. In this case you should add on an extra rak?at for each Salaah except Maghrib. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P286)

(7) Khurooj-e-Bisun?ihi: This means doing Salaam, talking, or anything else after the qa?dah akheerah deliberately, that will end the Salaah. However, doing anything other than Salaam deliberately will make it necessary to repeat the Salaah, and if it is done unintentionally the Salaah will become invalid.

The 30 Wajibaat of Salaah

(1) Using the phrase "Allahu Akbar" for Takbeer-e-Tahreema
(2) Reading Alhamd Shareef in every rak?at of every Salaah except the last two rak?aat of fardh prayers. To add another Sura or one long verse of the Holy Qur?an (equivalent to 3 short verses) or three short verses. (3) Reading Alhamd before the Sura
(4) Avoiding saying anything between Alhamd and the Sura other than ?Aameen? and ?Bismilla hir rahma nir raheem?
(5) Bowing for ruku? immediately after the qira?at
(6) Doing sajday one after the other (in order)
(7) To stay in ta?deel-e-arkaan, i.e. ruku?, sujud, qauma and jalsa for the time it takes to say "Subhan-Allah" once
(Cool Qauma i.e. standing straight after doing ruku (some people do not straighten their backs and therefore miss a wajib)
(9) Jalsa, i.e. sitting straight between two sajday (some people go down into the second sajdah without sitting up straight which means that they miss a wajib. No matter how much of a hurry you are in, you must sit up straight or else your Salaah will become Makrooh-e-Tehreemi and to repeat it will be wajib)
(10) The first qa?dah is wajib even if the Salaah is nafl (in actual fact every qa?dah in nafl Salaah is the ?last qa?dah? and is therefore fardh. If you miss this and stand up and then remember, you must return before you reach the sajdah of the 3rd rak?at and do sajda sahw at the end) (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 4, P52, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef) If you have done the sajdah of the 3rd rak?at then finish off four and do sajdah sahw. This sajdah sahw is wajib because even though every qa?dah of nafl is fardh, as soon as you did the sajdah of the 3rd/4th rak?at, the qa?dah oola became wajib instead of fardh. (mulakhkhasan tahtawi, P422) (11) Not reading anything after tashahhud in Fardh, witr or Sunnah mu?akkadah prayers.
(12) Reading tashahhud completely in both sittings. If even one word is missed it will be wajib to do sajdah sahw.
(13) If you unintentionally read اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰي مُحَمَّدِِ or اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰي سَيِّدِنَا after tashahhud in the first qa?dah you will have to do sajdah sahw but if you say it deliberately you will have to repeat the Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P269)
(14) Saying the word "as?salaam" twice whilst turning your head to the left and right is wajib. Saying the word "alaikum" is Sunnah not wajib.
(15) Saying the takbeer qunoot in witr.
(16) Reading Dua-e-Qunoot in witr.
(17) The 6 takbeers of the Eid Salaah.
(18) Saying the Takbeer of ruku? in the second rak?at of Eid Salaah and using the words "Allahu Akbar" for it. (19) For the Imaam to recite loudly (enough to allow at least 3 people to hear) in the first two rak?aat of Maghrib and Isha and in every rak?at of Fajr, Jumua?, Eidain, Taraweeh and the Witr of Ramadhaan.
(20) Reciting quietly in the "quiet prayers" (Zuhr and Asr).
(21) Keeping every fardh and wajib in its prescribed order.
(22) Bowing for ruku? only once in each rak?at.
(23) Prostrating only twice in each rak?at.
(24) Avoiding doing qa?dah before the second rak?at.
(25) Avoiding doing qa?dah in the 3rd rak?at of a 4 rak?at Salaah.
(26) Doing the prostration of recitation if a verse of prostration is recited.
(27) Doing sajdah sahw if it has become wajib.
(28) Avoiding a pause of 3 tasbihat (the time it takes to say "Subhan-Allah" 3 times) in between 2 faraidh, or 2 wajibaat, or a fardh and a wajib.
(29) Remaining silent when the Imaam is reciting the Qur?an, whether the recitation is aloud or silent.
(30) Doing what the Imaam does throught the whole Salaah, except reciting the Holy Qur?an. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P181 ? alamgiri, V1, P71)

Approximately 86 Sunan (Sunnats) of Salaah Sunan of Takbeer-e-Tahreema

(1) Raising the hands for Takbeer-e-Tahreema.
(2) Keeping the fingers in a normal position (not spread out but not too close either).
(3) For the insides of the fingers and palms to be facing qiblah.
(4) Avoiding lowering the head whilst saying Takbeer-e-Tahreema.
(5) Raising both hands to the ears before you say the takbeer.
(6) The same sunan apply to the Takbeer of qunoot and
(7) the takbeers of Eidain. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P207)
(Cool For the Imam to say Allahu Akbar
(9) سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه and
(10) Saalam in a loud voice (raising the voice louder than necessary is makooh). (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P 208) (11) Tying the hands immediately after the Takbeer is Sunnah (some people say the takbeer and then drop their hands to their sides or sway their arms backwards and then tie their hands, this is not Sunnah). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P229)

Sunan of Qiyaam

(12) Men should tie their hands beneath their navels with the right palm on the left wrist, the thumb and small finger should be around the wrist and the rest of the fingers should be on top of the wrist.(ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P294)
(13) Reading thana first and then
(14) Ta?awwudh (اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمْ) and then
(15) Tasmiyah
(بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم). (16) Reading the previously mentioned three things immediately after the previous one. (17) Saying them quietly. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P210)
(18) Saying Aameen.
(19) Saying this quietly too.
(20) Reading thana immediately after Takbeer-e-Oolaa. (Ta?awwudh and tasmiyah are joined to the qira?at and because the muqtadi does not have to do qira?at it is not sunnah for him to read ta?awwudh and tasmiyah either. However, if a muqtadi misses one or more of his rak?aat he should read these in the missed rak?at/rak?aat) (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P253)
(21) Ta?awwudh should only be read in the first rak?at
(22) Tasmiyah is Sunnah at the beginning of every rak?at. (alamgiri, V1, P73)

Sunan of Ruku?

(23) Saying Allahu Akbar for ruku? (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P257)
(24) saying سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْم three times in ruku?.
(25) For men to hold their knees and
(26) spread their fingers wide.
(27) Keeping the legs straight in ruku? (some people bend their legs slightly like a bow, this is makrooh). (alamgiri, V1, P73)
(28) Bending the back properly to the extent that if a cup of water was placed on your back it wouldn?t spill (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P266)
(29) Avoiding swaying the head up and down, it should be in line with your back. The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "The Salaah of a person who does not keep his back straight in ruku? and sajdah is incomplete" (as?sunan-ul-kubra, V2, P126, Darul-Kutubil Ilmiyyah Beirut) The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم says, "Do your ruku? and sujood properly for I swear by Allah عَزَّوَجَل! I can see you from behind myself". (Muslim Shareef, V1, P180)
(30) It is preferable that you start to say Allahu Akbar as you start to bow for ruku? and finish saying it at the same time you fully reach the ruku? position. (alamgiri, V1, P69) To cover this space you should stretch the laam of Allah, and not the baa of Akbar (or any other letter). (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P72, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef) Saying Aallahu, Aakbar or Akbaar invalidates the Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P232)

Sunan of Qauma

(31) Letting you?re hands drop down to your sides when standing after ruku?.

(32) For the Imaam to say سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه when getting up from the ruku.
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[color="#008000"](33) For the muqtadi to say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد

(34) For the munfarid (one praying alone) to say both is Sunnah. The Sunnah will be fulfilled even if the words رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد are said but is better to have the letter "waw" after the word "rabbana". To have "Allahumma" added on is even better and to add both is again even better than this, in other words one should say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P310)
(35) The munfarid should say سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه as he gets up from ruku?, and when he has stood up straight he should say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد (alamgiri, V1, P74)


Sunan of Sajdah

(36) Saying Allahu Akbar to go into sajdah and
(37) to get up from sajdah. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P261)
(38) Saying سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْاَعْلٰي at least three times in sajdah.
(39) Placing the palm of the hands on the ground in sajdah.
(40) Having the fingers close together facing qiblah.
(41) When going into sajdah first place the knees on the ground and then
(42) the hands and then
(43) the nose and then
(44) the forehead.
(45) Getting up the opposite way, meaning
(46) lifting the forehead first and then
(47) the nose and then
(48) the hands and then
(49) the knees.
(50) For men it is Sunnah to have the arms away from the sides and
(51) the thighs away from the stomach. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P266)
(52) Do not lay your forearms on the ground. If you are with others in a row then keep your arms close to your sides. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P257)
(53) All ten toes of both feet should be pressed against the ground so that they face the qiblah. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P267)

Sunan of Jalsa

(54) Sitting between both sajday is called jalsa.
(55) Sitting on the left foot with the right foot straight and the left foot flat.
(56) Facing the toes of the right foot towards qiblah.
(57) Placing both hands on the thighs. (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P111)

Sunan of getting up for the second rak?at

(58) After the completion of both sajday it is Sunnah to stand up for the second rak?at laying pressure on the toes as you stand
(59) with the hands on the knees. However, standing with your hands on the ground for support due to weakness or pain is acceptable. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P262)

Sunan of Qa?dah

(60) After completing the sujud of the 2nd rak?at, it is Sunnah for men to lay the left foot flat
(61) sit with both buttocks on the left foot
(62) keeping the right foot straight
(63) and facing the toes of the right foot towards qiblah. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P75)
(64) Keeping the right hand on the right thigh
(65) and the left hand on the left thigh.
(66) Leaving the fingers in a normal state, not too close and not too wide apart.
(67) Having the tips of the fingers close to the knees, but do not hold the knees. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P265)
(68) Pointing whilst saying the shahadah in at?tahiyyat. The way to do this is to close the small finger and the finger next to it, form a circle with the thumb and the middle finger and lift the index finger as you say the word "Laa". The finger should be kept still and be dropped when the word "Illa" is said, and then all the fingers should be spread out again. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P266)
(69) Sitting in the second qa?dah the same way as the first. Tashahhud must also be read in the second qa?dah as well as the first.
(70) Reading Durood Shareef after tashahhud. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P273) Reading Durood-e-Ibrahim is preferable. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P85)
(71) Reading Durood Shareef after tashahhud in the first qa?dah of nafl and ghair mu?akkadah sunan is also Sunnah. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P282 ? ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P322)
(72) Saying a Dua after Durood Shareef (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P283)

Sunan of Salaam

(73) Saying Salaam twice using the following words اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْکُمْ وَرَحْمَةُاﷲ


(74) Turning the head to the right first
(75) and then the left.
(76) Saying both Salaams loudly is Sunnah for the Imam, but the second should be slightly quieter than the first. (alamgiri, V1, P76)
(77) The Imaam will terminate the Salaah as soon as he says the word ?Salaam? the first time even if he does not say the word ?alaikum?, therefore, a latecomer cannot join the congregation at this time, however, if the Imaam says Salaam and then does the prostration of forgetfulness (Sajdah-e-Sahw) (considering he does have to do it) the latecomer can still join the congregation. (rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P352)
(78) When the Imaam turns his head to the right he should intend to greet the people to his right and when he turns to the left, the people on the left, but intention of any woman should not be made (even if there are any in the congregation). Also Kiraman Katibeen and the protecting angels should be greeted during both Salaams, but a particular number of angels should not be thought of. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, V1, P354) (79) The congregates should intend to greet the people and angels on both sides too but as well as this they should intend to greet the Imaam as they turn towards him. If the Imaam is straight in front of you then you should intend to greet him in both Salaams. A munfarid should intend to greet only the angels. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, V1, P356)
(80) For the muqtadi to follow the movements (ruku?, sujood etc.) of the Imaam throughout the whole Salaah.


Sunan after saying the Salaam

(81) It is Sunnah for the Imaam to turn right or left after saying the Salaam, preferably the right side. To sit facing the congregates is also acceptable but only when there is not a single person still praying who his directly behind the Imam (even if he is in the last row). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P330)
(82) It is permissible for a munfarid to stay in his position and make Dua without turning around. (alamgiri, V1, P77)

Sunan of the Sunnah-e-Ba?diyyah (Sunan after the faraidh)

(83) You should not talk after the faraidh which have sunan following them, if you do, the sunan will still be valid but the reward will be reduced. To delay the sunan is also Makrooh. Similarly, long auraad (formulas) are not permitted (after the faraidh and before the sunan). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P331, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P300)
(84) The Dua made after the faraidh and before the sunan should be kept short or else the reward will be reduced. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P81, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
(85) The strongest opinion regarding speaking between the sunan and faraidh is that the sunan are not invalidated, however, the reward is reduced. The same applies to any other action that opposes tahreemah. (tanweer-ul-absaar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P558)
(86) The sunan should be prayed by moving to a different spot or at home, not in the same place. (alamgiri, V1, P77) (The sunan are not affected by the time taken to go home. It is a sin to walk past someone praying his Salaah or to turn and face him in order to change your place or to walk home, therefore, if you do not find room to move you should pray the rest of the Salaah where you are)

An important ruling regarding the Sunan

The Islamic brothers that start walking around and talking after praying the sunan before the faraidh or Sunnah-e-Ba?diyyah should learn a lesson from the following blessed fatwa of AlaHazrat رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه. In reply to a question he was asked he answered, "The best time for the sunan before the faraid is the beginning time of the Salaah, but this is if speaking or any other act that contradicts Salaah is avoided between the faraidh and sunan. And the best time for the sunan after the faraidh is immediately after, unless a person decides to come home and pray, in which case a delay would be acceptable, however, any delay due to contradictory actions should be avoided. Such a delay will result in losing the reward of the sunan prior to and after the faraidh and will take them out of the prescribed Sunnah method". (fatawa-e-Razawiyyah Jadeed, V5, P139, Raza Foundation, Markaz-ul-Auliya Lahore)

The previous 86 Sunan apply to Islamic sisters aswell

Now follow 10 Sunan specifically for Islamic sisters

(1) Lifting the hands up to the shoulders for Takbeer-e-Tahreema and Takbeer-e-Qunoot is Sunnah for Islamic Sisters. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P236)
(2) In qiyaam women and eunuchs should place their left palms just below their chests with their right palms on top. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P294)
(3) For Islamic Sisters it is Sunnah to place their hands on their knees in ruku? but to avoid spreading the fingers. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P258)
(4) Islamic sisters should bow only slightly in ruku? (just enough for the hands to reach the knees). The back should not be completely straight and they must not push down on their knees (simply place their hands above them). Their fingers should be close together and legs should be slightly bent, not completely straight like men. (alamgiri, V1, P74)
(5) Keep the body close together in sajdah, in other words make the arms touch the sides and
(6) make the stomach touch the thighs and
(7) make the thighs touch the shins and
(Cool make the shins touch the ground.
(9) After completing the sujood of the second rak?at both feet should be pointed towards the right.
(10) Sit on the left buttock. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P75)

14 desirable acts of Salaah

(1) Verbally pronouncing the intention. (tanweer-ul-absar wa? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P113) This is considering you have the intention in your heart because if you do not the Salaah will not be valid.
(2) Leaving a gap of four fingers between both feet when standing. (alamgiri, V1, P73)
(3) Looking at the place of prostration when in the standing position
(4) looking at the back of the feet when in ruku
(5) looking at the nose in sajdah
(6) looking at you?re lap when in qa?dah
(7) looking at the right shoulder in the first Salaam and
(Cool looking at the left shoulder in the second Salaam. (tanweer-ul-absaar wa? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P214)
(9) For a munfarid to say the tasbih more than three times in ruku? and sujood (but in odd numbers i.e. 5, 7, 9). (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P242)
(10) The book "Hilyah" as well as others mentions that Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Mubarak رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ and other scholars have said it is desirable for the Imaam to say the tasbihaat 5 times.
(11) If you feel the need to cough, it is desirable to prevent yourself from doing so as much as possible. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P277)
(12) If you feel the need to yawn then keep your mouth closed but if this not possible then bite your lip. If this does not help either then use the back of your right hand in qiyaam, and the back of the left hand in every other position to cover your mouth. A very good way to prevent yawning is to think to yourself that The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم and the other Prophets ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢﺍﻟﺴﻼﻢ never yawned. In?shaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل this thought will prevent you yawning. (mulakhkhasan ad dur-ul-mukhtar wa rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P215)
(13) For the Imaam and congregates to stand when the mukabbir says حَيَّ عَلَي الْفَلَاحِ ط (alamgiri, V1, P57, Maktaba Haqqaniyyah)
(14) Prostrating without anything in between your forehead and the ground. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P371)

What Umar bin Abdul Aziz رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْه ُ used to do

Hujja-tul-Islam Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Ghazali رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه narrates that Sayyiduna Umar bin Abdul Aziz رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ always prostrated on the ground without a prayer mat or anything else present. (Ihya-ul-Uloom, V1, P204, Beirut)
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Method of Salaah (Hanafi) Empty
PostSubject: Re: Method of Salaah (Hanafi)   Method of Salaah (Hanafi) Icon_minitimeThu 17 Dec 2009 - 6:13

Excellence of a dusty forehead

Hazrat?e Sayyiduna Wathilah bin Asqa? رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "None of you should clear his forehead (from dust) until he has finished his Salaah, because Angels pray for his forgiveness for as long as he has a mark of prostration on his forehead". (majmauz zawaid, V2, P311, Hadith 2761, Dar-ul-Fikr, Beirut)

My Dear Islamic Brothers! It is preferable to avoid clearing off dust from the forehead during Salaah and ma?aaz-Allah عَزَّوَجَل to clear it out of arrogance is a sin. If you leave dust on your forehead after ma?aaz-Allah عَزَّوَجَل to show people that you are someone who prays his Salaah, then this will be considered as showing off and will lead to Hell. If someone fears showing off he should clear the dust off his forehead after the Salaah.

29 things that invalidate Salaah

(1) Speaking (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P445)
(2) Saying Salaam to someone.
(3) Answering someones Salaam. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P322)
(4) Answering someone when they sneeze. If you sneeze yourself during Salaah you should remain quiet but even if you do say Alhamdu-Lillah it will not affect your Salaah, if you did not say it at the time you should wait for the Salaah to finish and then say it. (alamgiri, V1, P98)
(5) Saying Alhamdu-Lillah on hearing good news. (alamgiri, V1, P99)
(6) Saying اِنَّا للهِ وَ اِنَّآ اِلَيْهِ رٰجِعُوْنَ on hearing bad news (or news of someone?s death).
(7) Answering the adhaan. (alamgiri, V1, P100)
(Cool Saying جَلَّ جَلَا لُه' on hearing the name of Allah عَزَّوَجَل. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P420)
(9) Reading Durood Shareef, for example صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم on hearing the honourable name of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم. (alamgiri, V1, P99) (If جَلَّ جَلَا لُه' or صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم are said without the intention of replying, then the Salaah will not be affected)

Crying in Salaah

(10) The Salaah will break if (out of pain or grief) the sounds ?aah?0, ?ooh?, ?uff?, ?tuff are uttered or if letters are uttered as you cry. However, it is alright if one cries without uttering letters. (alamgiri, V1, P101) If a person begins to cry in Salaah due to the recitation of the Qur?an by the Imaam and utters the words "na?am", or "yes" then the Salaah will still be valid because this is due to concentration. However, if these words are said due to his style of recitation it will become invalid. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P456)

Coughing in Salaah

(11) The Salaah will not break if a sick person helplessly utters words like "aah" and "ooh". The same applies to letters uttered helplessly whilst sneezing, yawning, coughing, and burping etc. (ad dur-ul-muhtar, V1, P416) (12) If you blow without creating a sound then it is the same as breathing and therefore does not affect the Salaah but it is Makrooh to blow (or puff) deliberately. However, if even two letters are uttered whilst blowing, (uf, tuf e.t.c.) the Salaah will break. (ghuniyah, P427) (13) Uttering two letters (e.g. "ukh") to clear your throat will invalidate the Salaah, however, if there is a desperate need or proper purpose to do so, for example if you are clearing your throat (so you can recite properly) or you are informing the Imaam of a mistake or trying to catch the attention of someone who is about to walk past you, then there is no harm in coughing. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P455)

Reading something in Salaah

(14) Looking at a copy of the Qur?an Shareef, a piece of paper or the mihrab etc. and reciting the Qur?an Shareef (If you are reciting off by heart but happen to be looking at the Qur?an, mihrab etc. at the same time, your Salaah will not be affected. If there is a piece of paper or something else with verses written on it and you look at it and think about it but do not read it, your Salaah will not be affected) (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P464)
(15) To deliberately stare at and ponder over an Islamic book or article during Salaah is Makrooh. (alamgiri, V1, P101) If the information is worldly it is worse, therefore, before Salaah you should place any books, bags with writing on them, mobile phones, watches etc. that are near you in a manner that doesn?t allow you to see the written material, (throw a handkerchief over them). One should also avoid staring at stickers, posters and frames hanging on the pillars in the Masjid.

Definition of excessive movement

(16) Excessive moment invalidates Salaah considering the movement is not something done in Salaah or something done to rectify the Salaah. Excessive movements are those that make an onlooker think that you are not in Salaah. If the onlooker is in doubt as to whether or not you are in Salaah then the movement is minor and will therefore not invalidate the Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P464)

Dressing during Salaah

(17) Wearing a kurta, pajaama or tehband during Salaah. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P465) (18) Praying one whole rukn (part) of the Salaah with the sitr exposed or allowing the time it takes to say Subhan-Allah three times to pass with the sitr exposed. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P467)

Eating in Salaah

(19) Eating or drinking even a very small amount of food or drink, (even something the size of a pea or a drop of water). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P418)
(20) If there was something stuck in your teeth prior to starting the Salaah and during the Salaah you swallowed it then you will have to consider the size of what you have swallowed. If it was the same or larger than a pea it will invalidate the Salaah, but if it was smaller it will only make it Makrooh. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P241)
(21) If you ate something sweet prior to the Salaah and there are no pieces of food left in the mouth only some minute particles in the saliva then swallowing them will not invalidate the Salaah. (khulasa-tul-fatawa, V1, P127)
(22) If there is sugar or anything similar in the mouth and melts and reaches the throat, the Salaah will become invalid.
(23) If you bleed from your teeth you must consider the amount of blood. If the saliva is dominant and is swallowed, the Salaah will not be affected otherwise it will invalidate the Salaah. (alamgiri, V1, P102) (Being dominant means being able to taste the blood, this will invalidate the Salaah. When talking about the Salaah being invalidated the taste will be taken into consideration but when talking about the wudhu being invalid the colour will be taken into consideration, therefore wudu no longer remains valid when the saliva becomes mainly red but if it is of a yellowish colour it will not be afffected)

Turning away from the Qiblah during Salaah

(24) Turning the chest 45 degrees or more away from the direction of qiblah without a proper excuse will invalidate the Salaah, but if there is a valid reason it will not, for example, if you turn away from qiblah due to the thought that your wudhu has broken but then realise that you were wrong, then if you have not yet stepped out of the Masjid the Salaah will remain valid. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P468)

Killing a snake

(25) Killing a snake or scorpion will not invalidate the Salaah but if it requires walking 3 steps or striking 3 times then it will. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P423) Killing a snake or scorpion is permissible if it passes in front of you and you fear it will harm you, if there is no danger of it causing harm then to kill it is makrooh (disliked). (alamgiri, V1, P103)
(26) Plucking 3 hairs one after the other or killing 3 head lice or making three attempts to kill the same lice will invalidate the Salaah, but if is not done consecutively the Salaah will remain valid but makrooh.

Scratching in Salaah

(27) Scratching 3 times in one rukn (section) will invalidate the Salaah, this means scratching once and then lifting the hand and then scratching again and lifting the hand again, if this is done a third time the Salaah will become invalid. If you scratch three times with your hand in the same place then the Salaah will not be affected (this will be considered scratching once). (alamgiri, V1, P104 ? ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P423)

Mistakes in saying Takbir (ALLAH HU'AKBAR) اَللهُ اَکبَر'


(28 )The Salaah will become invalid if the alif in the phrase Allahu Akbar is lengthened during the takbeers whilst changing positions (e.g. saying Aallah or Aakbar) or if an alif is added after the "ba" (i.e. Akbaar). Remember, if this happens at the time of Takbeer-e-Tahreema, the Salaah will not even begin. (ad?dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P177) Mukabbireen (congregates who say the takbeer aloud to convey it to those who cannot hear the Imam) often make these mistakes and ruin not only their own Salaah but the Salaah of others too, therefore, someone who does not know these rulings should not act as a mukabbir.
(29) Making a serious mistake in recitation or other phrases in Salaah that grossly change the meaning invalidates the Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P473)

33 Makroohaat-e-Tahreema of Salaah

(1) Fidgeting with your beard, body or clothes. (alamgiri, V1, P104)
(2) Gathering the clothes, like many people nowadays who lift their trousers slightly when going in to sajdah. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P337) If your clothes stick to your body then there is no harm in using one hand to lift them off.

Hanging a blanket over your shoulders

(3) Hanging a piece of cloth, for example hanging a blanket or handkerchief over your head or shoulders so that both ends hang down. There is no harm if one end is left hanging and the other is swung over the opposite shoulder. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P488)
(4) Some people nowadays hang handkerchiefs over their shoulders with one end hanging over the back and the other over the stomach, to pray Salaah in this manner is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P165)
(5) If either of both sleeves is rolled up more than half way up the forearm the Salaah will become Makrooh-e-Tahreemi. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P490)

Desperate for the toilet

(6) Feeling the urge to use the toilet. If a person finds himself desperate even before the Salaah begins then considering there is plenty of time, it is a sin for him to even begin the Salaah in such a state, however, if he feels that the Salaah time will end if he goes to the toilet and make wudhu then he should pray first. If a person feels this urge during the Salaah then considering there is enough time, it is wajib for him to break his Salaah, to continue in such a state is a sin. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P492)

Moving stones during Salaah

(7) Moving stones during Salaah is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P338) Sayyiduna Jabir رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ says that he asked The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم a question about moving stones during Salaah, he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم replied, "Only once, and avoiding it is better than having 100 black-eyed camels". (Sahih ibn Khuzaimah, Hadith 897, V2, P52 Al Maktaba-tul-Islami Beirut) However, if it becomes difficult to prostrate according to the method of the Sunnah, it is permissible to move them once and if they prevent you from fulfilling a wajib then it is wajib for you to move them even if it takes more than one attempt.

Clicking fingers

(Cool Clicking fingers in Salaah (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P493)Allama ibn Abidin Shaami رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says that ibn Maja narrates that the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "Do not click your fingers during Salaah". (Sunan ibn Maja, V1, P514, Hadith 965, Dar-ul-Ma?rifah Beirut) He also writes with reference to "Mujtaba" that the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم forbade clicking fingers whilst waiting for Salaah. Another report states that he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم forbade clicking ones fingers whilst going towards the Salaah. Three points are proven from these sacred ahadith; (a) Clicking the fingers during Salaah or during anything connected to the Salaah (walking towards the Salaah or waiting in the Masjid for Salaah) is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi (Clicking the fingers unnecessarily outside of Salaah (including the activities linked to Salaah) is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi ? Clicking the fingers outside of Salaah for a proper reason e.g. to relax them, is permissible (without even being Makrooh). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P409, Publisher Multan)
(9) Tashbeek (inserting the fingers of one hand into the fingers of the other hand). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P338) The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "When a person leaves his house to go to the Masjid he must not do tashbeek because it (walking towards Salaah) is the same as being in Salaah". (musnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Hadith 18126, V6, P320, Dar-ul-fikr Beirut) Both the above mentioned are Makrooh-e-Tahreemi when walking towards Salaah and waiting for Salaah as well. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P246)

Holding your hips

(10) Placing your hands on your hips. (ibid P347) One should not place his hands on his hips without a good reason even when not praying Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P494) The Beloved of Allah عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم says, "Putting the hands on the hips is the relaxing of the dwellers of hell". (as sunan-ul-kubra, V2, P408, Hadith 3566, Dar-ul-kutubul Ilmiyyah Beirut) This refers to the Jews because they will go to hell (as far as the dwellers of hell are concerned there is no relaxing for them). (hashiyah Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P115, Maktaba Islamiyyah Lahore)

Looking up at the sky

(11) Looking towards the sky. (al bahr-ur-raiq, V2, P38) The Beloved of Allah عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم says, "Those people who raise their eyes to the sky should refrain from it or else their ability to see will be snatched away from them". (Sahih Bukhari, V2, P103) (12) Turning the face, whether slightly or fully. To look around unnecessarily without turning the face (by turning the eyeballs only) is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi, and if there is a need to do so then there is no harm in it. (alamgiri, V1, P106) The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "When a person is praying Salaah the special mercy of Allah عَزَّوَجَل remains focussed on him until he begins to look around, when the person turns his face His mercy turns away from him too". (Abu Da?wood, V1, P334, Hadith 909, Dar Ihya Itturathil Arabiyy Beirut)
(13) For men to rest their forearms on the ground when in sajdah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P496)

Looking at a person who is praying Salaah

(14) Praying Salaah facing a person. It is a sin for someone to directly face a praying person. If someone is already facing a particular direction and then another person comes and starts to pray facing him then this second person will have committed a sin otherwise the one facing him will be the sinner (if he had already started and someone stood or sat in front of him to directly face him). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P496) All those people who finish their congregational Salaah and then turn around to look at the person directly behind them, and those who stand up to face someone who is praying and wait for him to finish so that they can walk out, and those who sit or stand directly in front of a praying person in order to make an announcement, give a dars or speech should all repent.
(15) Hiding the nose and face in Salaah. (alamgiri, V1, P106)
(16) Unnecessarily bringing phlegm to the mouth. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli. P339)
(17) Yawning deliberately. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P354) (There is no harm if it is unintentional but to prevent it would be desirable) The Beloved Prophet of Allah عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "If someone yawns in Salaah he should prevent it as much as possible because Satan enters the mouth". (Sahih Muslim, P413)

(18) Reciting verses of the Qur?an in the wrong order (for example, reciting "tab?bat" in the first rak?at and "izaa jaaa" in the second) (19) Ommitting a wajib. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P345) For example, bowing for ruku? or the second sajdah before straightening the back in qauma and jalsa. (alamgiri, V1, P107) A very large number of Muslims seem to be committing this sin. Remember! It is wajib to repeat all Salaah offered like this.
(20) Reciting the Holy Qur?an in any position other than qiyaam. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P351)
(21) Ending the qiraa?at in ruku?.
(22) For a congregate to do ruku?, sujood, etc. before the Imaam, or to get back up before him. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P513) Sayyidunna Imam Malik رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Huraira رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ that the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "He who raises and lowers his head before the Imaam has the hair on the front of his head in the hand of shaitan". (muwatta Imam Malik, Hadith 212, V1, P102 Dar-ul-ma?rifah Beirut) Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that the Beloved Messenger of Allah عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "Does the person who raises his head before the Imaam not fear that Allah عَزَّوَجَل will turn his head into that of a donkey". (Sahih Muslim, V1, P181)

Donkeys face

Sayyiduna Imaam Nawawi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه travelled to a very famous person in Damascus to learn Hadith from him. That person used to teach without letting people see him. Imaam Nawawi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه studied with him for quite a long period but had not yet seen his face. After a long time, when the Muhaddith was certain of Imaam Nawawi?s extreme enthusiasm with regards to Hadith, he decided to show himself. Imam Nawawi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه saw that his face was like that of a donkey?s! The muhaddith said, "Dear son! Beware of preceding the Imam during the congregation, when I heard this Hadith I didn?t believe it (due to the weakness of some narrators) and therefore I deliberately preceded the Imaam in my Salaah and my face turned in to what you see now". (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P95, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Sharif)
(23) Praying Salaah wearing only trousers despite having something else available.
(24) For the Imaam to make the prayer longer for a late comer whom he knows (in order to please him). (alamgiri, V1, P107) There is no harm in saying one or two extra tasbihat to help him with his Salaah. (25) Praying on maghsoob land (land obtained by force) or (26) on someone else?s field (in which there are crops) (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P258 ? ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P52) or
(27) on a ploughed field or
(28) facing a grave (if there is nothing in between the person praying Salaah and the grave). (alamgiri, V1, P107)
(29) Praying in the places of worship belonging to non believers (churches, temples), in fact it is not permissible to even enter them. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P53)
(30) Praying whilst wearing clothes inside out, or having such clothing hanging over the body.
(31) It is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi to have the buttons of the shirt open allowing the top of the chest to be seen, but if there is a second piece of clothing underneath preventing the chest from being seen then it is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi.

Salaah and pictures

(32) It is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi to pray wearing clothes that display a picture of any living being, to wear such clothes even when one is not praying is also prohibited. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P502)
(33) Having a picture above your head (on the ceiling) or on the place of sajdah or in front of you or towards the left or right makes the prayer Makrooh-e-Tahreemi, having it behind you is also Makrooh but not as bad as the other cases. If the picture is on the floor and not at the point of sajdah then there is no harm. There is no harm in having pictures of unliving objects (like rivers or mountains) around you either. A picture so small that you cannot see the details of the body parts if you are stood up and the picture is on the floor (like scenes of people doing tawaf of the ka?bah) would not affect the Salaah. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P247 ? ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P503) However, it will not be permissible if even one face amongst the people doing tawaaf can be seen clearly. There is no harm in having pictures without the faces (only the hands, feet, back, back of the head) or pictures of faces which have the eyes, nose, lips etc. erased.
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Method of Salaah (Hanafi) Empty
PostSubject: Re: Method of Salaah (Hanafi)   Method of Salaah (Hanafi) Icon_minitimeThu 17 Dec 2009 - 6:14

The 32 Makroohaat-e-Tanzeeha of Salaah

(1) Praying in work clothes despite having other clothes available. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P337) To pray with something in the mouth. The Salaah will be invalid if this prevents you from recitation or causes you to recite words that are not from the Qur?an. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar)
(2) Praying with your head uncovered due to laziness. (alamgiri, V1, P106) If your hat falls down during Salaah it is preferable for you to pick it up avoiding excessive movement (in which case the Salaah will be invalidated). If the hat has to be picked up several times it is better to leave it where it is. If picking the hat up obstructs your concentration then it is preferable to leave it. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P491) If someone is praying bare headed or his hat has fallen off then a second person should not pick it up for him and place it on his head.
(3) Saying the tasbih less than 3 times in ruku? or sajdah without a proper reason (If there is a shortage of time or if you fear you may miss your train, bus, etc. then there is no harm in doing so). If a congregate has not yet completed 3 tasbihaat and the Imam lifts his head then he must follow him (even though he has not yet completed his tasbihaat)
(4) Clearing dust or grass from your forehead. There is no harm in doing so if you are distracted due to having dust/grass on your forehead.
(5) Turning the toes away from qiblah in sajdah or any other part of the Salaah. (fatawa Qadhi Khan ma? alamgiri, V1, P119)
(6) For men to let the stomach touch the thighs in sajdah. (alamgiri, V1, P109)
(7) Answering someone?s Salaam using your head or hand. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P497) To answer verbally will invalidate the Salaah. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P322 Qadimi Kutub Khana)
(Cool Sitting in Salaah with your legs folded without a proper reason. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P339)
(9) Stretching out (as you do when waking up from sleep).
(10) Coughing deliberately. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P240) There is no harm in coughing if you have to.
(11) Placing the hands on the ground before the knees without a good reason when going into sajdah. (alamgiri, V1, P107)
(12) Lifting the knees before the hands when getting up from sajdah. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P335)
(13) Not having the head in level with the back in ruku?. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P338)
(14) Saying ta?awwudh, tasmiyah and aameen loudly in Salaah. (alamgiri, V1, P107)
(15) Leaning against a wall or anything else without needing to.
(16) Avoiding placing the hands on the knees in ruku? and
(17) not placing your hands on the ground in sajdah.
(18) Swaying from side to side. (Tarawuh, i.e. transferring the body weight from one foot to the other is Sunnah) (alamgiri, V1, P107) It is mustahab to lay pressure on the right side when going into sajdah and on the left when getting up from sajdah. (ibid P101)
(19) Closing the eyes in Salaah. Closing your eyes will become preferable if this helps you to concentrate. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P499)
(20) Praying in front of burning fire. A candle or light will not affect the Salaah. (alamgiri, V1, P107)
(21) Praying in front of something that distracts your attention (something very attractive) or praying in front of instruments or people that are engaged in amusements. (rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P439)
(22) Running for Salaah.
(23) Praying on a public street
(24) Praying in a rubbish area
(25) Praying in a place where animals are slaughtered
(26) Praying in a stable
(27) Praying in a bathroom
(28) Praying on a farm (especially where camels are kept)
(29) Praying on the roof of a toilet
(30) Praying in a desert without a barrier in front of you (and there is a possibility of people walking past you). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P339)
(31) Killing a fly or mosquito with your hand when there is no need to do so. (fatawa Qadhi Khan ma? alamgiri, V1, P118) (If you are being bothered by a lice or mosquito in Salaah then there is no harm in killing it as long as excessive movement is not required. (Bahar-e-Shariat)
(32) Any slight movement that is beneficial for Salaah is permissible but slight movement which is not beneficial is Makrooh. (alamgiri, V1, P109)

Praying Salaah in a half sleeved shirt

Praying Salaah in a half sleeved shirt is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi when other clothes are available to wear. Sadrush-shariah Mufti Muhammad Amjad Ali A?zami رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says, "It is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi to pray wearing a half sleeved shirt or a vest when there is a full sleeved shirt available to wear, but if there are no alternative clothes then it is not Makrooh." (Fatawa Amjadia part.1 p.193 Maktabah Razawiyyah Babul Madinah Karachi) Mufti A?zam Pakistan Qiblah Mufti Waqaruddin Qadiri Razavi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says, "Half sleeved shirts are classed as work clothes, therefore, if someone hesitates to confront honourable people wearing such clothes it will be Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi for him to pray wearing them, but if he does not hesitate to confront such people wearing these clothes his Salaah will not be Makrooh. (Waqar-ul-fatawa, V2, P246)

The last 2 Nafl of Zuhr

Praying 4 rak?aat after Zuhr is desirable because a Hadith states, "If someone protects the 4 before Zuhr and the 4 after, Allah عَزَّوَجَل will make it Haraam for the fire of Hell to burn him". (Sunan Nasai, Hadith 1817, P2207, Dar-ul-heel Beirut) Allama Sayyid Tahtawi رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه comments on this saying, "This person will not enter the Hell fire at all, and his sins will be forgiven, and Allah عَزَّوَجَل will make please the people who have anything against him. Or it could mean that Allah عَزَّوَجَل will make him do good actions which prevent him from being punished". Allama Shaami رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says, "Good news for him is that his ending will be blissful and he will not enter Hell". (Shaami, V2, P452) My Dear Islamic brothers! Alhamdu-Lillah عَزَّوَجَل! We already pray 10 rak?aat of Zuhr Salaah, how long would it take for a person to add on 2 more rak?aat and make it twelve rak?aat, for the sake of the 12th of Rabi-un-Noor Shareef! So convince yourselves to pray these two rak?aat punctually.

صَلُّوْا عَلَى الْحَبيْب صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

Imaamat (Leading others in Salaah)

There are six conditions for a man to qualify as an Imam:-

(1) Being a Muslim of the correct creed.
(2) Having reached the age of puberty.
(3) Sanity.
(4) Being male.
(5) Reciting correctly.
(6) Being without a disability. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P284)

13 conditions of following an Imaam

(1) Intention.
(2) For the iqtida (following the Imam) and intention of iqtida to be at the same time as the Tahreema. The intention can be made before the Tahreema as well but in this case there must not be a strange action separating the intention and Tahreema.
(3) For the Imaam and the Muqtadi to be in the same place.
(4) For both of them to be praying the same Salaah or for the Imaam?s Salaah to include the muqtadi?s Salaah.
(5) For the Imaam?s Salaah to be correct according to the school of thought that the muqtadi follows.
(6) For both the Imaam and the muqtadi to believe it is valid.
(7) For a woman not to be standing next to you (there are some conditions regarding this).
(Cool The muqtadi must not be standing ahead of the Imaam.
(9) Being aware of the Imaams movements.
(10) Being aware of whether or not the Imaam is a traveller or not.
(11) Following the Imaam in all his movements.
(12) For the muqtadi to carry out the actions at the same time or after the Imaam.
(13) For the muqtadi not to exceed the Imaam in conditions. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P283 to 285)

The Imaam should make this announcement after the Iqaamat:

Bring your heels, necks and shoulders in line with each other and straighten your rows. It is a sin to leave space between two people. To have your shoulders touching is wajib. To straighten your rows is wajib. Until the row before you is filled to both corners to deliberately start praying behind is missing a wajib, Haraam and a sin. Do not let children less than 15 years of age stand in the rows, do not let them stand in the corners either, the row for young children should be made at the very end. (For detailed information refer to: fatawa-e-Razawiyyah, V7, P219 to 225, Raza Foundation Lahore)

Jamaa?at (Congregation)

It is wajib for a sane, ###### (having reached the age of puberty), free and able person to attend the first jamaa?at held in the Masjid. Anyone who misses jamaa?at even once without a valid reason commits a sin and is worthy of punishment, if he makes a habit of this he will be classed a fasiq, mardoo-dush-shahadah (not worthy of being a witness), will be punished severely, if his neighbours remain quiet they will also have committed a sin. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P287) Some of the Honourable Scholars ﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢﺍﷲ say, "Anyone who hears the adhan and then waits for the Iqaamat in his house will be classed a sinner and will not be accepted as a witness". (al bahrur-raiq, V1, P451, 604)

20 valid reasons for missing Jamaa?at

(1)) Sickness, if it makes going to the Masjid a difficult task.
(2) Disability
(3) Someone with an amputated leg.
(4) Victim of stroke.
(5) Being unable to go the Masjid due to very old age.
(6) Blind man, even if there is someone who can hold his hand and take him to the Masjid.
(7) Intense rain.
(Cool Being obstructed by severe mud.
(9) Severe cold weather.
(10) Intense darkness.
(11) A storm.
(12) Fear of your possessions or food being damaged.
(13) Fear of someone to whom one is in debt, considering one is poor.
(14) Fear of a tyrant.
(15) Strong urge to excrete
(16) or uinate
(17) or release wind.
(18) Presence of food (with a strong desire to eat).
(19) Fear of fellow travellers leaving without you.
(20) Visiting a sick person (if you feel that your absence will cause him distress). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P292 to 293

Fear of dying as a disbeliever

صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has warned us, "He who wishes to meet Allah عَزَّوَجَل tomorrow as a Muslim should punctually pray these five Salaah (with jamaa?at) where the adhan is called because Allah عَزَّوَجَل has commanded your Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم to abide by the sunan huda (customs of guidance) and these prayers (with jamaa?at) are among the sunan huda, and if you abandon the Sunnah of your Prophet you will go astray". (Muslim Shareef, V1, P232) This hadith indicates that a person who punctually prays with the first jamaa?at will die a good death and the one who misses the first jamaa?at in the Masjid without a valid reason could ma?aaz-Allah عَزَّوَجَل die a death of disbelief. Those people who fail to pray the whole jamaa?at out of shear laziness must pay attention to this statement of AlaHazrat Imam-e-AhleSunnat Maulana Shah Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه with reference to "Bah-rur-raiq" and Quniyyah, "?if he heard the adhan and then waited for the Iqaamat to enter the Masjid, he will have committed a sin". (fatawa-e-Razaviyyah, V7, P102 - Al bah-rur-raiq, V1, P604) On the same page of Fatawa-e-Razaviyyah Shareef it says, "Someone who hears the adhan and then waits at home for the Iqaamat will not be accepted as a witness". (Al bah-rur-raiq, V1, P451) My Dear Islamic brothers! If someone does not enter the Masjid until he has heard the Iqaamat then according to some respected Jurists ﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢﺍﷲ he is a sinner and is unworthy of acting as a witness, so where does that leave those people who pray with jamaa?at at home or don?t even pray with jamaa?at without a valid excuse or ma?aaz-Allah عَزَّوَجَل don?t pray at all! Oh Lord of Mustafa! عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم grant us the good fortune of forever praying all five Salaah in the first jamaa?at in the Masjid in the first row with the Takbeer-e-Oola. آﻣﻴﻦﺑﺠﺎﻩﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲﺍﻻﻣﻴﻦ صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم<>

صَلُّوْا عَلَى الْحَبيْب صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

9 Madani flowers for Salaa ? tul -Witr

(1) The Witr Salaah is wajib. (Al bah-rur-raiq, V2, P66)
(2) If it is missed it must still be prayed as a qadha (missed) Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P532)
(3) The time for Witr is from the end of the fardh of Isha up to Subh-e-Sadiq (dawn). (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P178)
(4) For someone who has the ability to get up in the latter part of the night after sleeping a short while, it is preferable that he gets up at this time and first prays Tahajjud and then prays his Witr. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P403)
(5) The Witr Salaah consists of three rak?aa (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P375)
(6) The first qa?dah (sitting) is wajib, only tashahhud should be read and then you must stand up.
(7) In the 3rd rak?at it is wajib to say the Takbeer-e-Qunoot after the qiraa?at. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P533)
(Cool The Takbeer-e-Qunoot should be said the same way as the Takbeer-e-Tahreema (first lift your hands to your ears and then say Allahu Akbar). (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P376)
(9) Then place your hands beneath your navel and read Dua-e-Qunoot.

Dua-e-Qunoot - The Supplication of Qun'ut

Oh Allah عَزَّوَجَل we seek Your help and we seek Your forgiveness and we believe in You and we trust You and we praise You and we thank You and we are not ungrateful to You and we abandon and stay away from anyone who disobeys You. Oh Allah عَزَّوَجَل it is only You we worship and for only You we pray and prostrate and we run towards You and obey You and hope to gain Your mercy and we fear Your punishment, indeed Your punishment is for the non believers.

(10) To read Durood Shareef after the Dua-e-Qunoot is preferable. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P402)
(11) Anyone who does not know Dua-e-Qunoot should read:

Oh Allah عَزَّوَجَل! Our Lord! Grant us goodness in the world and in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the fire.

Or one can read this: اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِيْ Oh Allah عَزَّوَجَل grant me forgiveness. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P385)
(12) If you forget to read Dua-e-Qunoot and go into ruku? then you must not return, carry on instead and then do Sajdah-e-Sahw at the end. (alamgiri, V1, P110)
(13) If you are praying the witr with congregation (as is done in the month of Ramadhaan) and the Imaam bows for ruku? before you manage to complete the Dua-e-Qunoot then you must follow the Imaam (and leave it incomplete). (alamgiri, V1, P110 - Tabyeenul haqaiq, V1, P171 Multan)

Sajdah-e-Sahw (Prostration of forgetfulness)

(1)(ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P655)
(2) If Sajdah-e-Sahw is omitted despite having to do it then the whole Salaah must be repeated.
(3) If a wajib is missed deliberately then Sajdah-e-Sahw is not sufficient. In fact the whole Salaah must be repeated.
(4) If you miss something that is wajib but not one of the wajibaat of Salaah then Sajdah-e-Sahw does not need to be done, for example, reciting the Holy Qur?an in the wrong order is a sin (and to recite it in the proper order is wajib) but it is one of the wajibaat of reciting the Qur?an not one of the wajibaat of Salaah therefore Sajdah-e-Sahw is not needed (although you must still repent). (ibid)
(5) Missing out a fardh invalidates the Salaah and Sajdah-e-Sahw does not make up for it.
(6) Leaving out any Sunnah or desirable act like thana, ta?awwudh, tasmiyah, aameen, the takbeers said when changing positions and tasbihaat does not necessitate Sajdah-e-Sahw, (fathul Qadeer, V1, P438) but to pray it again is desirable, whether it was omitted deliberately or unintentionally.
(7) Even if 10 wajibaat are omitted only 2 Sajdah-e-Sahw are enough. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P655)
(Cool If ta?deel-e-arkaan (e.g. standing up straight after ruku? and sitting straight in between 2 sujood for the duration of saying Subhan-Allah once) is unintentionally omitted then Sajdah-e-Sahw must be performed. (alamgiri, V1, P127)
(9) Sajdah-e-Sahw is wajib if Dua-e-Qunoot or the Takbeer-e-Qunoot are omitted unintentionally. (alamgiri, V1, P128)
(10) If you spend the duration of saying Subhan-Allah three times "thinking" (and not doing anything) whether it be in qiraa?at or any other position, then Sajdah-e-Sahw is wajib. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P655)
(11) Attahiyyat is wajib even after Sajdah-e-Sahw. In fact it is preferable to read Durood Shareef as well in both sittings (before and after Sajdah-e-Sahw). (alamgiri, V1, P125)
(12) If the Imaam has to do Sajdah-e-Sahw then the congregate must follow him and do Sajdah-e-Sahw too (it is wajib for him as well). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P658)
(13) If a congregate makes a mistake whilst he is behind the Imaam he does not need to do Sajdah-e-Sahw, (alamgiri, V1, P128) and he does not have to repeat the Salaah either.

Very important rulingg

(14) A masbooq (one who comes late and misses one or more rak?aat behind the Imaam) is not allowed to say Salaam with the Imaam, if he does so deliberately he will invalidate his Salaah, if he says it unintentionally at exactly the same time as the Imaam then his Salaah will not be affected (but this is a very rare case), and if he says it unintentionally slightly after the Imaam he must stand up to complete his Salaah and then do Sajdah-e-Sahw himself at the end of his Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P659)
(15) A masbooq must do Sajdah-e-Sahw along with the Imaam even if the mistake he made was before he joined the congregation, if he does not do Sajdah-e-Sahw with the Imaam and stands to complete his Salaah then he must do it (the Sajdah-e-Sahw) at the end. If the masbooq makes a mistake himself whilst reading his missed rak?aat then the same Sajdah-e-Sahw will be sufficient. (alamgiri, V1, P128)
(16) Sajdah-e-Sahw will become wajib even if the phrase اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰي مُحَمَّدِِ is said after tashahhud in the first rak?at, this isn?t because of reciting Durood Shareef, in fact it is due to the delay in standing for the 3rd rak?at. If one was to remain quiet for the same duration he would still have to do Sajdah-e-Sahw.

Incident

Sayyiduna Imam Abu Hanifa رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ saw The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم in a dream. The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم asked him, "Why have you decided that anyone who reads Durood Sharif has to do Sajdah-e-Sahw"? He رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ replied, "Because he read it in a state of negligence". The Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم liked this answer. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P657) (17) If any part of tashahud is omitted in any of the sittings, Sajdah-e-Sahw must be done, whether the Salaah is nafl or fardh. (alamgiri, V1, P127)

Method of Sajdah-e-Sahw

Read the whole of Attahiyyat, in fact it is preferable to read the whole of Durood Shareef as well, then turn your head towards your right shoulder and say salaam and then prostrate twice, after this read Attahiyyat again along with Durood Shareef and the Du?a and then end with the salaam to both sides. (fatawa Qadhi Khan ma? alamgiri, V1, P121)

What if you forget to do Sajdah-e-Sahw?

If someone has to do Sajdah-e-Sahw but forgets to do it, he can return and do it as long as he has not left the Masjid. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P556) But if he is in a field then he can return as long as he does not walk past the rows or walk past the point of prostration in front of him. However, remember in both cases if any action that contradicts the Salaah (e.g. speaking) is done after the salaam then he cannot return and do the Sajdah-e-Sahw. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P556)

Sajdah-e-Tilawat and the destruction of Satan

The Beloved of Allah عَزَّوَجَل و صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has given us the glad tidings that when someone recites a verse of prostration and then prostrates, Satan moves away and cries, "I?m doomed! The Son of Adam was commanded to prostrate and did so and for him is Heaven, I was commanded but I rejected and now Hell is for me". (Sahih Muslim, V1, P61)

In?shaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل; you?ll get what you want

If someone recites all 14 verses of prostration and prostrates for each one keeping in mind a particular wish to be fulfilled, Allah عَزَّوَجَل(ghuniyah ? ad dur-ul-mukhtar and others)

8 Madani flowers regarding Sajdah-e-Tilawat

(1) Reciting or listening to a verse of sajdah makes Sajdah-e-Tilawat wajib. The recitation must be loud enough to hear the words yourself (if there is no noise). This sajdah will become wajib even if a person does not deliberately listen to the verse. (alamgiri, V1, P132)
(2) Sajdah will become wajib even if the translation of the verse is recited, regardless of whether or not the listener understands it is the translation of a verse of sajdah. However, if he did not know then it is important that he be told that it was the translation of a verse of sajdah, but if the Arabic verse was recited, it is not necessary to tell the listener. (alamgiri, V1, P133)
(3) Sajdah-e-Tilawat is only wajib when the whole verse is recited, however, according to some of the later scholars it will become wajib if every word containing the message of sajdah is recited along with a word either preceding it or following it, therefore, it is safer to do the sajdah in both cases. (mulakhkhasan fatawa-e-Razawiyyah, V8, P223-233, Raza Foundation Lahore)
(4) If a verse of sajdah is recited whilst not being in a state of Salaah then to do the sajdah instantly is not wajib, however, if you have wudhu then delaying it is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi. (tanweer-ul-absaar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P583)
(5) To do the sajdah instantly in Salaah is wajib. If it is delayed (in other words, if more than three verses are recited after it) you have committed a sin, and therefore will have to do Sajdah-e-Sahw as well as Sajdah-e-Tilawat at the end (as long as you are in the Salaah or if you have finished the Salaah but have not yet done anything contradicting the Salaah). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P584)

Warning! Beware!

(6) In the blessed month of Ramadhaan if a person is not taking part in the tarawih or shabina (even if he is praying his own Salaah) he will still have to do Sajdah-e-Tilawat if he hears any verse of sajdah. Sajdah-e-Tilawat will be wajib even you hear a verse from a kafir or a child. If you have missed many Sujood of Tilawat since reaching the age of puberty then you must make a rough calculation of these and make up for them now.

Method of Sajdah-e-Tilawat

(7) Start by standing up and then as you say اَللهُ اَکبَر (Allahu Akbar) go into sajdah and say سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْاَعْلٰي at least three times, then say Allahu Akbar and stand up. To say Allahu Akbar before and after the sajdah is Sunnah and to stand before and after is desirable. (alamgiri, V1, P135) (Cool The hands are not raised when saying Allahu Akbar in Sajdah-e-Tilawat nor does this sajdah contain tashahhud or salaam. (tanweer-ul-absaar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P580)

Sajdah-e-Shukr (prostration of thankfulness)

It is desirable to do Sajdah-e-Shukr when one is granted a blessing, whether it is the birth of a child or attainment of wealth, or retrieving lost property, or curing of a patient, or returning from a journey, or anything else. This sajdah is done in exactly the same way as the Sajdah-e-Tilawat. (alamgiri, V1, P136) To do this sajdah when one hears good news is also a means of earning blessings; some examples are, being granted a visa to travel to beautiful Madina, success in doing Infiradi Koshish upon someone and convincing him to travel with a Madani Qafila of Dawat-e-Islami, casting a glance at a practising sunni scholar, seeing a good dream, passing an exam, being relieved of a calamity, or the death of an enemy of Islam.

Walking past a person praying Salaah is a serious sin

(1) The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "If any one knew what (harm) there was in walking past his brother whilst he is praying, he would prefer to stand for 100 years than to take that one step". (Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 946, V1, P506 Dar-ul-ma?rifah Beirut)
(2) Sayyiduna Imam Malik رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that Sayyiduna Ka?bul Ahbar رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ said, "If the person walking past a praying person knew what a sin he has committed he?d prefer to be eaten up by the earth than walk past him." (Muwatta Imam Malik, Hadith 371, V1, P154 Dar-ul-ma?rifah Beirut) The one walking past the praying person is definitely a sinner but this does not affect the Salaah of the one praying. (mulakhkhas fatawa-e-Razawaiyyah, V7, P254 Raza Foundation Lahore)

15 rulings regarding walking past a person praying Salaah

(1) To walk past a praying person in a field or in a huge Masjid from a very short distance is not permissible (short distance means the area from the feet to the extent of ones vision if one was to look at the point of prostration). (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P160) This is approximately 3 yards from ones feet. (Qanoon-e-Shariat, Part 1, P131, Farid Book Stall, Markaz-ul-Auliya Lahore) Therefore, to walk past a praying person in a field from a distance of three yards or more is permissible.
(2) To walk past a praying person in a house or small Masjid is not permissible from any distance right up to the wall ahead of him (considering he does not have a barrier in front of him). (alamgiri, V1, P104)
(3) If there is a barrier in front of the person praying it will be permissible to walk past him.
(4) The barrier must be at least an arms length (approximately half a yard) high and thick as a finger. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P365)
(5) If the Imaam has a barrier in front of himself then congregates do not need one. This means that if someone was to walk in front of a congregate in the state that his Imaam has a barrier in front of him he will not have sinned. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P484)
(6) Trees, humans and animals can be used as barriers too. (alamgiri, V1, P104)
(7) If a person is used as a barrier he must have his back facing the praying person. (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P365 ? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P496) (If someone sits or stands facing a praying person then he is making a mistake and not the person praying, so you should take care not to turn around and face the people behind you after the Imaam has finished his Salaah because if someone is praying directly behind you and you turn to face him you will have sinned)
(Cool If someone is walking past a praying person and a second person sees him and walks along with him (at exactly the same pace) using him as a barrier then the first person will have sinned (and not the second). (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P483)
(9) If someone stands to pray in the following row despite having space in the previous row then a newcomer can push his way past him because he has lost his respect himself. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P483)
(10) If someone is praying on a level higher (e.g. a raised platform) than a second person who wants to walk past, you must look to see whether or not any part of his body comes in front of him, if not then he can walk past and will not have done anything wrong. (alamgiri, V1, P104)
(11) If there are two people who wish to walk past a praying person then this is the way they can do so; one of them should stand with his back facing the person praying, the second should firstly use him as a barrier and walk past, and then he should stand behind the first with his back facing the praying person, the first should then use the second person as a barrier and walk past, the second should then step back to the same side he came from.
(12) If someone tries to walk past you whilst you are praying you are allowed to warn him and stop him in your Salaah, this can be done by either saying "Subhan-Allah" or reciting the Qur?an loudly, or alerting him using a gesture of the hand, head or eyes, no more than this is allowed (eg. grabbing his clothes or hitting him). Remember, if excessive movement takes place the Salaah will become invalid. (ad-dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P483 ? marqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P367)
(13) To do both the gesture and raise the voice without necessity is Makrooh. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P486)
(14) If someone is walking past a woman, she should use tasfeeq to stop him/her, this means hitting the back of the left hand with the fingers of the right hand. If a man uses the method of tasfeeq and a woman raises her voice, the Salaah will still be valid but this contradicts the Sunnah.
(15) Someone doing tawaf of the Holy Ka?ba is allowed to walk past a praying person during his tawaf. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P482)


صَلُّوْا عَلَى الْحَبيْب صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

تُوبُو ااِلَي اﷲ! اَسْتَغْفِرُاﷲ

صَلُّوْا عَلَى الْحَبيْب صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد
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