Method of Salaah (Hanafi)
Stand facing the Qibla in a state of Wudhu with a distance of four fingers between your feet. Now raise both hands and touch the ear lobes with the thumbs, the fingers should neither be too wide apart nor too close; in fact they should remain in a normal position and be facing the Qibla. At this point you should be looking at the place of Sajdah. Now make a firm intention in the heart regarding the Salaah that you are about to pray, to say it verbally is even better (for example, "I intend to pray 4 rak?at for today?s fardhh Zuhr Salaah", if you are in a congregation then add, "Behind this Imam"). Now whilst saying Takbeer-e-Tahreema i.e. Allahu Akbar lower the hands and place them under the navel with the right palm on the back of the left hand, the 3 fingers in the middle on the back of the left wrist, and the thumb and the small finger around the wrist. Now read thana? like this:
Glory is to you O Allah عَزَّوَجَل! I recite Your praises, Blessed is Your name, You are the most exalted and none is worthy of worship besides You. Glory is to you O Allah عَزَّوَجَل! I recite Your praises, Blessed is Your name, You are the most exalted and none is worthy of worship besides You.
Then read ta?awwuz:- I seek the protection of Allah عَزَّوَجَل from the accursed Satan
Then read tasmiyyah:- Allah عَزَّوَجَل?s name I begin with, the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful.
Then read the whole of Sura Fatiha:-
Translation Kanzul-Imaan: All praise unto Allah عَزَّوَجَل, Lord of all the worlds. The most Affectionate, The Merciful. Master of the Day of Requital. We worship You alone, and beg You alone for help. Guide us in the straight path. The path of those whom You have favoured.
Not of those who have earned Your anger and nor of those who have gone astray.
Once you have finished Sura Fatiha say a آمين (Aameen) quietly and then recite either 3 verses or one long verse which is equivalent to three short verses or any chapter of the Qur?an for example Sura Ikhlaas: -
Translation Kanzul-Imaan: Allah عَزَّوَجَل?s name I begin with,
Most Compassionate the Most Merciful. Say you, He is Allah, the one. Allah the Independent, Care free. He begot none' nor was He begotten. And nor anyone is equal to Him.
Now as you say اَللهُ اَکبَر (Allahu Akbar) bow down into Ruku? and hold your knees with both palms firmly with the fingers spread out. The back should be lowered with the head in line with it, in this position you should be looking at your feet. Read the tasbih for Ruku i.e.سُبحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْم at least three times. Then say tasmee? i.e. سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه and take the standing position again as you say it, this standing straight after ruku? is a called Qauma. If you are a munfarid i.e. you are praying alone then say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد. After that say Allahu Akbar and at the same time go down to do Sajdah. First the knees then the hands then the head should touch the floor (first the nose then the forehead). You must take care to make sure that the nasal bone and the forehead firmly press against the ground and not just the tip of the nose. You should be looking at your nose in this position. The arms should be distanced from the sides of the body, the stomach should be kept distanced from the thighs and the thighs should be kept apart from the shins during the Sajdah (but if you are in the congregation then keep your arms close to your body). All ten toes should be facing the Qibla (the soles of the toes). The palms should be flat on the ground with the fingers pointing towards Qibla, but make sure your forearms do not touch the ground. Now recite سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْاَعْلٰي at least 3 times and then lift your head (first forehead, then nose, then hands) and sit up straight. The way to sit is to keep your right foot straight with its toes facing Qibla and lay the left foot flat, it is this foot you should sit on. The palms in this position should be on the thighs close to the knees with the fingers facing Qibla. Sitting in between the two prostrations is called Jalsa. You must stay in this position for at least the amount of time it takes to say Subhan-Allah once (to say اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِيْ i.e. Oh! Allah Azawajal forgive me, in this position is desirable). Now say ?Allahu Akbar? and at the same time make a second prostration the same as the first. Now stand up straight lifting the head first, then the hands, then the knees (with the hands on them). Do not rest your hands unnecessarily on the ground as you get up. You have completed one whole rak?at. Now in the second rak?at start withبسم الله الرحمن الرحيم and then read Sura Fatiha and another Sura. After this, do the ruku? and sujood as you did for the first rak?at. After completing the second sajdah sit up straight with the right foot straight and the left foot spread out. To sit after 2 rak?aat is called qa?dah. In qa?dah you must read tashahhud:
All types of worship, oral, physical and monetary are for Allah عَزَّوَجَل. Peace be upon you O Prophet and the mercy and blessings of Allah عَزَّوَجَل. Peace be upon us and the righteous Servants of Allah عَزَّوَجَل. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah عَزَّوَجَل and I bear witness that Muhammad صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم is His Servant and Messenger.
When you get close to saying the word لا "laa" in tashahhud, form a circle with the middle finger and thumb of the left hand and at the same time close the small finger and the finger next to it. As soon as you say the word "laa" (immediately after "ash?hadu al") raise your index finger without waving it from side to side and lower it as soon as you reach اِلا "illaa", straightening the hand out immediately. If you are praying more than two rak?aat then stand up straight reciting Allahu Akbar. If the Salaah is fardhh then in the 3rd and 4th rak?aat read بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم and Alhamd shareef, an additional Sura is not needed. The rest of the actions must be performed the same as before, but if the Salaah is Sunnah or nafl then an additional Sura must be added after Sura Fatiha (You must remember that if you are standing behind an Imam you cannot recite anything in any of the rak?aat, in fact you must stand quietly). Once you have prayed all 4 rak?aat, sit in Qa?dah Akheerah (the last sitting), and then read tashahhud plus
Durood-e-Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم (which is):
O Allah عَزَّوَجَل send Durood on (Our Master) Muhammad and on his Family as you sent Durood On our Master Ibrahim and his family. Indeed you alone are praise worthy and Glorious. O Allah عَزَّوَجَل shower your blessings On our Master Muhammad and his family Like you showered blessings on our Master Ibrahim and his family. Indeed You are praise worthy and Glorious.
Then read any Dua-e-Mathura e.g.:-
O Allah عَزَّوَجَل! Our Lord! Grant us the good of this world and the good of the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the fire.
To end the Salaah, first look towards the right shoulder and say اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْکُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اﷲ and then do the same for the left shoulder. Now your Salaah has ended.(Maraqilfalah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P278, Ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P261, Karachi)
A few differences in the way Islamic sisters pray
The method mentioned is for an Imaam or a male praying on his own. Islamic Sisters should lift their hands for the Takbeer-e-Tahreema to their shoulders and keep them tucked inside their mantles. (Al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P246). In the position of qiyam, the hands should be placed below the chest with the right palm on top of the left. They should bend only slightly in ruku?, enough to place the hands on the knees; they should not press against their knees or grab them tightly, their fingers should be kept close and knees slightly bent, not completely straight like men. (Fatawa Alamgiri, V1, P73) In sajdah, the body should be kept close together, i.e. the arms should touch the sides, the stomach should touch the thighs, the thighs should touch the shins and the shins should touch the ground. (Al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P267). Both feet should point backwards in sajdah and in qa?dah both feet should be pointing towards the right and they should sit on the left buttock. Both hands should be in the centre of both thighs. The remaining detail is the same.
(Al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P272)
Both should pay attention to this!
Some of the things in the described method of Salaah for both Islamic brothers and Islamic sisters are fardhh, (without which the Salaah is invalid) some are wajib, (to miss any of these deliberately is a sin, to repent and repeat the Salaah in this case is wajib, and if any one of these is missed unintentionally then sajdah sahw becomes wajib) some are sunnah mu?akkadah, (to develop a habit of missing these is a sin) and some are mustahab (to perform these is a virtuous act but to miss them is not a sin). (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P66, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
6 conditions of Salaah (for the 6 letters of ""يا الله)
(1) Cleansiness (Tahaarat): The person?s body, clothes and place of prayer must be pure from all types of impurity.
(mariqilfalah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P207)
(2) Covering of the body (Sitr-e-Aurat):
2.1- Men must have all the skin from below the navel to below the knees covered. However, women must have the whole body covered except these five areas: the face, both palms and the soles of both feet. According to one Mufta Bihi (statement upon which a fatwa is given) the Salaah will be valid if both hands (up to the wrists) and both feet (up to the ankles) are completely exposed. (ad?durrul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P93)
2.2- If you wear very thin clothing that reveals any part of the body which must be covered or allows the colour of the skin to be recognised the Salaah will not be valid. (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P58)
(3) The trend of wearing extremely thin clothing nowadays is becoming even more popular by the day. Wearing such thin trousers that expose the thighs or any other part of the sitr is Haraam even when not praying Salaah. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P42, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
(4) Wearing thick clothes that conceal the body but fit very tightly and reveal the outline of the sitr will not invalidate the Salaah but to look at that area of the body is not permissible for other people. (rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P103). To wear such clothes in front of others is prohibited and this prohibition is stricter for women. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P42, Madina-tul- Murshid Bareili Shareef)
(5) Some women wear scarves made of muslin that reveal the blackness of the hair or wear clothes that reveal the colour of the skin, Salaah is not valid in such clothes.
(3) Facing the Qibla (Istiqbaal-e-Qibla):
3.1 If you turn your chest away from Qibla deliberately without a proper excuse the Salaah will become invalid, even if you turn back instantly. However if it was unintentional and you turned back towards the Qibla before the time taken to say ?Subhan-Allah? 3 times, the Salaah will still be valid. (al bah-rur-raiq, V1, P497)
3.2 If only the face is turned away from Qibla then it is wajib to turn back instantly and the Salaah will be valid, however to do this without a proper excuse is makrooh tahrimi. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P222, Karachi) (3) If you are in a place where there is no means to determine the direction of qiblah and there is no Muslim to ask either then you must do tahar?ree, i.e. concentrate and wherever your heart guides you as to where the direction of Qibla is, face that direction. Wherever you face will be considered Qibla for you. (al hadayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P236)
(4) If after doing tahar?ree you pray your Salaah and then realise that you weren?t facing qiblah the Salaah will still be valid, it does not need to be repeated (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P64)
(5) If someone has done tahar?ree and whilst praying his Salaah another person sees him and without doing tahar?ree himself faces the same direction his Salaah will not be valid. The second person must also do tahar?ree. (rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P143)
(4) Time (Waqt): It is important that the time for the present Salaah have begun. For example if you are praying today?s Asr you must make sure the time for Asr has begun. If it is prayed before it starts, the Salaah will not be valid. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P224)
4.1 There are usually timetables available in the Masajid to determine times for Salaah. To use a timetable compiled by a reliable astronomer that is certified by AhleSunnah scholars is convenient.
4.2 For Islamic sisters it is mustahab to pray Fajr early, and for the other Salaah they should wait for the brothers to have finished praying with their congregation. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P30)
The Three Makrooh Times:
(1) From sunrise up until 20 minutes after
(2) From 20 minutes before sunset up until sunset
(3) From mid-day to when the sun begins to decline. Salaah, whether it be fardhh, wajib, nafl or qadha is permissible in these three times. However if you have not prayed the Asr of that day and the Makrooh time has begun, it can be prayed but to delay it to this extent is Haraam. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P40 ? Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P23, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareil Shareef)
What if the Makrooh time begins while praying Salaah?
The Salaam for Asr should be said at least 20 minutes before sunset. AlaHazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه says, "The more Salaa-tul-Asr is delayed the better, however, it should be completed before the Makrooh time begins". (fatawa Razawaiyyah Shareef jadeed, V5, P156) If he takes care and prays a lengthy Salaah allowing the Makrooh time to begin during the Salaah then this is alright". (fatawa Razawiyyah Shareef jadeed, V5, P139)
(5) Intention (Niyyat): Niyyat means "firm intention". (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P215, Karachi)
5.1- To pronounce the intention verbally is not necessary but to say it is better. (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P65). If you do say it verbally, it is not necessary that it be in Arabic, it can be in Urdu or any other language. (mulakhkhas az ad dur-rul-muhtar ma? rad-ul-mukhtar, V2, P113)
5.2- It is not the words pronounced that matter, for example if you intend to pray Zuhr in your heart but you say the word Asr, your Zuhr Salaah will still be valid. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P112)
5.3- The least extent of the niyyah is that if some one was to ask you what Salaah you are praying, you should be able to answer immediately without having to think. If you require time to think then the Salaah is not valid. (fatawa alamgiri, V1, P65)
5.4- If the Salaah is fardh the intention for fardhh must also be included, e.g. I am praying the fardh of today?s Zuhr. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar, rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P116)
5.5- For Salaah that is either nafl, Sunnah or taraweeh, the general intention of Salaah is sufficient (without mentioning nafl, sunnah or taraweeh), this is the strongest opinion, but as a precaution you should make the intention for "taraweeh" or the "present sunnah" for taraweeh Salaah and make the intention for "Sunnah" or "Imitation of the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم" for the other sunan, because some mashaikh ﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢﺍﷲ have declared it insufficient to make a general intention for these Salaah. (munya-tul-musallee, ma? ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P245)
5.6- For nafl Salaah, the general intention of Salaah is sufficient even if the concept of nafl is not intended. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar, rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P166)
5.7- To mention that your face is towards Qibla is not a condition
5.8- If a person is following an Imam he can say, "I intend to pray the same Salaah that the Imam is praying" (saying only this would be sufficient). (alamgiri, V1, P66)
5.9- The intention for the funeral Salaah is, "This Salaah is for Allah عَزَّوَجَل and the Dua is for this deceased". (ad dur-rul-mukhtar, rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P126)
5.10- To intend "wajib" for Salaah that is wajib is necessary, and it should also be specified; for example Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha, Nazr (oath), Salaah after tawaaf (Wajib-ut-Tawaaf) or the nafl Salaah that was deliberately invalidated (because the qadha of such Salaah is also wajib). (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P222)
5.11- Sajda shukr is nafl but despite this its intention is necessary; e.g. I am doing sajdah shukr. (ad dur-rul-mukhtar ma? rad-ul-muhtar, V2, P120)
5.12- According to the author of ?Nahr-ul-Faiq?, the intention is necessary even for sajda sahw i.e. one should know in his heart that he is doing sajdah sahw.
(6) Takbeer-e-Tahreema: Starting Salaah while saying "Allahu Akbar" is compulsory. (alamgiri, V1, P67)
The 7 faraidh of Salaah (In accordance to the 7 letters of بسم الله)
(1) Takbeer-e-Tahreema (2) Qiyaam (3) Qiraa?at (4) Ruku? (5) Sujood (6) Qa?dah Akheerah (7) Khurooj-e-bisun?ihi. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P253-286)
(1) Takbeer-e-Tahreema: In actual fact Takbeer-e-Tahreema (also called Takbeer-e-Oola) is amongst the conditions of Salaah but because it is attached so closely to the actions within Salaah it is also included amongst the faraidh. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P253)
1.1-If the Muqtadi (one behind the Imam) says the word ?Allah? of the Takbeer-e-Tahreema with the Imam but the word ?Akbar? before him, his Salaah will not be valid. (alamgiri, V1, P68)
1.2- If the Muqtadi sees the Imaam in the ruku? and joins him by instantly bending for ruku? and saying the Takbeer at the same time (i.e. if he was to stretch his arms out and by the time he finishes the takbeer his hands would reach his knees) the Salaah will not be valid. (khulasa-tul-fatawa, V1, P83) (In this case what should be done is that the person should say the Takbeer-e-Tahreema in a standing position and then say Allahu Akbar again for ruku? and bow down. If you manage to join the Imam in ruku? even for a split second, that rak?at will be taken in to account, but if the Imam stands up before you join him in the ruku?, that rak?at will not be taken into account.
1.3- If any one is unable to pronounce the Takbeer because he his dumb or cant speak due to any other reason, he does not have to say it. To make the intention is sufficient for such a person. (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P109)
1.4- If the word Allah is read with a stretched alif (Aallah), or the word Akbar is read with a stretched alif (Aakbar) or stretched ba (Akbaar), the Salaah will be invalid. In fact if some one deliberately understands what these words mean and then says it he will become a kafir (due to the gross change in the meaning). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P177) When there are a lot of people in the congregation, Mukabbirs are sometimes used to convey the Takbeer to the people standing at a distance from the Imaam, but nowadays due to a lack of knowledge, Mukabbireen are heard saying ?Akbaar? instead of Akbar. This invalidates their own Salaah as well as the Salaah of the people who pray following their voices. Therefore, one should refrain from becoming a Mukabbir without learning the rulings that are involved. (5) If the ruku? of the first rak?at is done with the Imaam, you will gain the blessings of Takbeer-e-Oola. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
(2) Qiyaam: (To Stand)
2.1- The minimum requirement for qiyaam is to stand so that if you were to let your hands drop down they would not reach your knees. And complete qiyaam is to stand completely straight. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P163)
2.2- The duration for qiyaam is the same as for the qira?at. To stand for fardh qira?at is fardh for the duration it takes to complete it, to stand for wajib qira?at is wajib and for Sunnah is Sunnah.
2.3- Qiyaam is fardh for prayers that are fardh, witr, Eidain and the Sunan of Fajr Salaah. If anyone was to pray any of these Salaah in a sitting position without a proper reason it would not be valid.
2.4- Merely feeling a slight amount of pain due to standing is not a valid excuse to to sit down. In fact, praying in a sitting position will only be permissible in the following cases; if it is not possible to stand or prostrate, if standing or prostrating causes bleeding, if standing causes a discharge of urine, if standing results in a quarter of the sitr being exposed, if you are not able to recite the Qur?an in a standing position, if standing is possible but results in a sickness being intensified or prolonged, or if standing results in unbearable pain. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P258)
2.5- If it is possible for you to stand leaning on a staff or against a servant or a wall then it is fardh to do so. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P258)
2.6- If it is only possible for you to stand for the Takbeer-e-Tahreema then it is fardh for you to say Allahu Akabar standing up, and then (if it is not possible to remain standing) you can sit down. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P259)
WARNING! The people who pray their fardh Salaah sitting down due to the slightest amount of pain should look very carefully at this ruling. It is fardh to repeat all the Salaah that were prayed sitting down despite having the ability to stand. Similarly, all the Salaah in which it was not possible to stand but standing with the help of a staff, wall or person was possible and that person sat down, the Salaah are invalid and to repeat them is fardh. (mulakhkhas az Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P64, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef) The same ruling applies to women, i.e. they cannot pray in a sitting position without a valid reason. Some Masajid have chairs to facilitate needy people, but they are used to pray by people who have walked to the Masjid and are seen standing talking to others. If such people pray sitting down without a valid reason their Salaah will not be valid.
2.7- To pray nafl Salaah in a sitting position despite having the ability to stand is permissible, however, it is better to pray them standing up. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Amr رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates that the Blessed Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "The Salaah of the one sitting down is half of the one praying standing up (the reward is half)". (Sahih Muslim, V1, P253) However, the reward will not be reduced if you pray it like this due to a valid reason. Nowadays, praying nafl Salaah sitting down has become a trend. It seems as if people believe it is better to pray these sitting down, if that is the case they are mistaken. The same ruling applies to the 2 rak?at nafl after the witr (to pray them standing up is better). (Bahar-e-Shariat, V4, P17, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
3.1- Definition of qira?at: ?To pronounce each and every letter from its correct place of origin so that each letter is clearly different to every other letter?. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
3.2- Even when reciting quietly, the reader must be able to hear himself. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P271)
3.3- If the letters are pronounced correctly but not loud enough for the reader to hear himself (considering there is no obstruction such as noise or being hard of hearing) then the Salaah will not be valid. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
3.4- Even though it is necessary for the reader to be able to hear himself, it is important to remember that care must be taken not to allow others to hear your recitation in sirree (silent) Salaah. The same care should be taken regarding the tasbihat.
3.5- The same ruling applies to formulas or Islamic rulings other than those read during Salaah (they must be read loud enough for the reader to hear himself), examples are: when giving talaq, freeing a slave, and saying the name of Allah عَزَّوَجَل in order to slaughter an animal. In all these cases the words must be said loud enough for the speaker to hear himself. The same should be kept in mind when reading Durood Shareef and other formulas.
3.6- To recite one verse in the first two rak?aat of fardh Salaah and every rak?at of witr, sunan and nawafil Salaah is fardh for an Imaam and Munfarid. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P226)
3.7- A muqtadi is not allowed to recite anything in Salaah, not surah Fatiha nor any other verse. Not in a sirree Salaah (Salaah in which the qira?at must be silent) nor any jahri Salaah (Salaah in which qira?at must be loud). The qira?at of the Imam is sufficient for the muqtadi. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P227) 3.8- If you did not do qira?at in any rak?at at all or only one rak?at the Salaah will be invalid. (alamgiri, V1, P69)
3.9- You should recite the Qur?an steadily in fardh Salaah and at a medium pace in taraweeh Salaah. To read quickly in nawafil of the night is permissible however the words should be understandable, i.e. the mad?daat (stretches) should be of the minimum duration set by Qurra or else it would be Haraam because we have been commanded to recite the Qur?an with tarteel (steadily/calmly). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P363) The way Huffaz read these days is that it is hard to understand anything other than ya?lamoon ta?lamoon (never mind the mad daat), the letters are not pronounced properly, in fact many letters are even missed out and above this the hufaaz boast amongst themselves about the speed of their recitation, whereas reading in such a manner is Haraam, strictly Haraam. (Bahar-e-Shariat, V3, P86-87, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
To pronounce the letters properly is vital
The majority of people do not distinguish between ﻁ ﺖ ,ﺱ ﺹ ﺙ ,ﺍ ﺀﻉ ,ه ﺡ ,ﺽ ﺫ ﻅ. Remember if changing the sound of the letter causes a major change in the meaning of the word the Salaah will not be accepted. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part. 3, P108, Maktaba Razawiyyah). For example if someone says عَزِيْم instead of عَظِيْم (with a ﺰ instead of a ﻅ) in the word سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْم, his Salaah will become invalid. If someone cannot read عَظِيْم properly, he should say the word سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْکَرِيْم instead. (Qanoon-e-Shariat, Part 1, P119, Farid Book Stall Lahore)
WARNING! WARNING! WARNING!
Someone who cannot pronounce the letters properly should not merely rely on only a bit of practice; in fact he must practice hard day and night. If such a person can pray behind someone who recites properly then it is fardh for him to do so or he must read only those verses that he can recite properly. If neither of these is possible then during the practice period his own Salaah will be valid. A lot of people these days have this problem. Many do not know how to read the Qur?an but do not learn either. Remember, in this way Salaah is ruined. (mulakhkhas az Bahar-e-Shariat) If someone spends his days and nights practicing but fails to succeed, as some people do find it impossible to pronounce the letters properly, then he must practice throughout the whole day and during the practice period he will be considered excused. His own Salaah will be valid but he will not be allowed to lead in prayer those who can read properly, however, if others make the same mistakes as him (i.e. the letters they can?t pronounce are the same) then he can lead them in prayer during the practice period, but if he does not make an effort to begin with then even his own Salaah is not valid (never mind leading others). (makhooz az fatawa Razawiyyah, V6, P254, Raza Foundation Lahore)
My Dear Islamic brothers! You have now probably realised the importance of correcting your qira?at. Any Muslim who does not learn how to read the Qur?an correctly is very unfortunate. Alamdu-Lillah عَزَّوَجَل numerous Madaris by the name of ?Madrassa-tul-Madina? have been established by the international non political propagational movement of the Qur?an and Sunnah, Dawat-e-Islami. In these schools, girls and boys are taught hifz and nazira free of charge. Apart from this, adults are usually taught proper pronounciation after Salaa-tul-Isha as well as being given training regarding the blessed Sunnah. If only we would start teaching the Qur?an in each and every house. If only every Islamic brother who knows how to read the Qur?an properly starts teaching all Islamic brothers who don?t know. Islamic sisters should do the same. Those sisters who can read properly should teach those who cannot and those that cannot should learn from them. Inshaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل then we will see the teachings of the Qur?an blossoming everywhere and those that learn and teach will be earning a huge amount of reward, Inshaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل.
(4) Ruku?: The minimum amount of bowing that is required for the ruku? to be valid is to bow enough to allow yourself to touch your knees if you were to let your arms drop. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P166) However the full ruku? is to straighten the back. (hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P229)
Our Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has said, "Allah عَزَّوَجَل does not look at the Salaah of a person in which he does not straighten his back during ruku? and sujood". (musnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, V3, P617, Hadith 10803, Darul Fikr Beirut)
5.1- The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم has said, "I have been ordered to prostrate on 7 bones, the face, both hands, both knees and both feet, and I have been commanded not to fold my clothes and hair. (Sahih Muslim, V1, P193)
5.2- Two prostrations are fardh in each rak?at. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P167)
5.3- It is important that the forehead be pressed firmly whilst prostrating. To press firmly means that the hardness of the ground must be felt. If the forehead is not pressed like this the sajdah will not be valid. (alamgiri, V1, P70)
5.4- If you prostrate on something soft like grass, wool or a carpet and the forehead is pressed firmly onto it (i.e. you?ve pressed it so hard that it cannot be pressed any more) then the sajdah will be considered valid or else not. (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P117)
5.5- Our Masajid usually have carpets in them these days (infact in some carpets have foam underneath them) therefore it is important when doing sajdah on these carpets that the forehead be pressed firmly, otherwise the Salaah will not be valid. If the nasal bone does not press against the ground it will be Makrooh-e-Tehreemi and the Salaah must be repeated. (mulakhkhas az Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P71)
5.6- It is not possible to press one?s forehead on a spring mattress therefore Salaah will not be valid on this.
Disadvantages of carpets
Carpets make it very hard to do sajdah properly and apart from this they are very rarely cleaned properly, which means that dust and germs accumulate inside them. The dust and germs enter our bodies during breathing whilst in sajdah. If particles of the carpet are inhaled they may enter the lungs and stick there which ma?aaz-Allah عَزَّوَجَل could lead to cancer. Sometimes children vomit or urinate on these carpets, or animals may stain them, and in such cases no one bothers to purify them. If only this trend of laying carpets in the Masajid would end.
How to purify an impure carpet
Wash the impure area of the carpet and let it hang until not even a single drop of water falls from it. Then let it hang after washing it a second time until it stops dripping again. Repeat this a third time. Now the third time it stops dripping it will be considered pure. Rugs, shoes and clay pots that soak up water should be washed according to this method. Another way of purifying these things is to dip the impure carpet or cloth in flowing water (a river, stream, or under a tap) long enough to give you the impression that the impurity has been washed away. If a small child urinates on a carpet then simply splashing a few drops of water onto the area is not enough. Remember that the urine of even a one-day old baby is impure. (For detailed information see part 2 of Bahar-e-Shariat)
(6) Qa?dah Akheerah: Sitting at the end of all the rak?aat for the time it takes to read the whole of tashahhud (attahiyyat) up to warasooluhu is fardh. (alamgiri, V1, P70). If you are praying a four rak?aat Salaah and forget to sit at the end of the fourth rak?at and you have not yet done the sajdah of the fifth rak?at then you must sit down immediately. However if you have done the sajdah of the fifth rakat (or in case of Fajr the sajdah of the third rak?at and in case of Maghrib the sajdah of the fourth rak?at) the fardh will be rendered invalid. In this case you should add on an extra rak?at for each Salaah except Maghrib. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P286)
(7) Khurooj-e-Bisun?ihi: This means doing Salaam, talking, or anything else after the qa?dah akheerah deliberately, that will end the Salaah. However, doing anything other than Salaam deliberately will make it necessary to repeat the Salaah, and if it is done unintentionally the Salaah will become invalid.
The 30 Wajibaat of Salaah
(1) Using the phrase "Allahu Akbar" for Takbeer-e-Tahreema
(2) Reading Alhamd Shareef in every rak?at of every Salaah except the last two rak?aat of fardh prayers. To add another Sura or one long verse of the Holy Qur?an (equivalent to 3 short verses) or three short verses. (3) Reading Alhamd before the Sura
(4) Avoiding saying anything between Alhamd and the Sura other than ?Aameen? and ?Bismilla hir rahma nir raheem?
(5) Bowing for ruku? immediately after the qira?at
(6) Doing sajday one after the other (in order)
(7) To stay in ta?deel-e-arkaan, i.e. ruku?, sujud, qauma and jalsa for the time it takes to say "Subhan-Allah" once
Qauma i.e. standing straight after doing ruku (some people do not straighten their backs and therefore miss a wajib)
(9) Jalsa, i.e. sitting straight between two sajday (some people go down into the second sajdah without sitting up straight which means that they miss a wajib. No matter how much of a hurry you are in, you must sit up straight or else your Salaah will become Makrooh-e-Tehreemi and to repeat it will be wajib)
(10) The first qa?dah is wajib even if the Salaah is nafl (in actual fact every qa?dah in nafl Salaah is the ?last qa?dah? and is therefore fardh. If you miss this and stand up and then remember, you must return before you reach the sajdah of the 3rd rak?at and do sajda sahw at the end) (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 4, P52, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef) If you have done the sajdah of the 3rd rak?at then finish off four and do sajdah sahw. This sajdah sahw is wajib because even though every qa?dah of nafl is fardh, as soon as you did the sajdah of the 3rd/4th rak?at, the qa?dah oola became wajib instead of fardh. (mulakhkhasan tahtawi, P422) (11) Not reading anything after tashahhud in Fardh, witr or Sunnah mu?akkadah prayers.
(12) Reading tashahhud completely in both sittings. If even one word is missed it will be wajib to do sajdah sahw.
(13) If you unintentionally read اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰي مُحَمَّدِِ or اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰي سَيِّدِنَا after tashahhud in the first qa?dah you will have to do sajdah sahw but if you say it deliberately you will have to repeat the Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P269)
(14) Saying the word "as?salaam" twice whilst turning your head to the left and right is wajib. Saying the word "alaikum" is Sunnah not wajib.
(15) Saying the takbeer qunoot in witr.
(16) Reading Dua-e-Qunoot in witr.
(17) The 6 takbeers of the Eid Salaah.
(18) Saying the Takbeer of ruku? in the second rak?at of Eid Salaah and using the words "Allahu Akbar" for it. (19) For the Imaam to recite loudly (enough to allow at least 3 people to hear) in the first two rak?aat of Maghrib and Isha and in every rak?at of Fajr, Jumua?, Eidain, Taraweeh and the Witr of Ramadhaan.
(20) Reciting quietly in the "quiet prayers" (Zuhr and Asr).
(21) Keeping every fardh and wajib in its prescribed order.
(22) Bowing for ruku? only once in each rak?at.
(23) Prostrating only twice in each rak?at.
(24) Avoiding doing qa?dah before the second rak?at.
(25) Avoiding doing qa?dah in the 3rd rak?at of a 4 rak?at Salaah.
(26) Doing the prostration of recitation if a verse of prostration is recited.
(27) Doing sajdah sahw if it has become wajib.
(28) Avoiding a pause of 3 tasbihat (the time it takes to say "Subhan-Allah" 3 times) in between 2 faraidh, or 2 wajibaat, or a fardh and a wajib.
(29) Remaining silent when the Imaam is reciting the Qur?an, whether the recitation is aloud or silent.
(30) Doing what the Imaam does throught the whole Salaah, except reciting the Holy Qur?an. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P181 ? alamgiri, V1, P71)
Approximately 86 Sunan (Sunnats) of Salaah Sunan of Takbeer-e-Tahreema
(1) Raising the hands for Takbeer-e-Tahreema.
(2) Keeping the fingers in a normal position (not spread out but not too close either).
(3) For the insides of the fingers and palms to be facing qiblah.
(4) Avoiding lowering the head whilst saying Takbeer-e-Tahreema.
(5) Raising both hands to the ears before you say the takbeer.
(6) The same sunan apply to the Takbeer of qunoot and
(7) the takbeers of Eidain. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P207)
For the Imam to say Allahu Akbar
(9) سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه and
(10) Saalam in a loud voice (raising the voice louder than necessary is makooh). (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P 208) (11) Tying the hands immediately after the Takbeer is Sunnah (some people say the takbeer and then drop their hands to their sides or sway their arms backwards and then tie their hands, this is not Sunnah). (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P229)
Sunan of Qiyaam
(12) Men should tie their hands beneath their navels with the right palm on the left wrist, the thumb and small finger should be around the wrist and the rest of the fingers should be on top of the wrist.(ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P294)
(13) Reading thana first and then
(14) Ta?awwudh (اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمْ) and then
(بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم). (16) Reading the previously mentioned three things immediately after the previous one. (17) Saying them quietly. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P210)
(18) Saying Aameen.
(19) Saying this quietly too.
(20) Reading thana immediately after Takbeer-e-Oolaa. (Ta?awwudh and tasmiyah are joined to the qira?at and because the muqtadi does not have to do qira?at it is not sunnah for him to read ta?awwudh and tasmiyah either. However, if a muqtadi misses one or more of his rak?aat he should read these in the missed rak?at/rak?aat) (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P253)
(21) Ta?awwudh should only be read in the first rak?at
(22) Tasmiyah is Sunnah at the beginning of every rak?at. (alamgiri, V1, P73)
Sunan of Ruku?
(23) Saying Allahu Akbar for ruku? (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P257)
(24) saying سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْم three times in ruku?.
(25) For men to hold their knees and
(26) spread their fingers wide.
(27) Keeping the legs straight in ruku? (some people bend their legs slightly like a bow, this is makrooh). (alamgiri, V1, P73)
(28) Bending the back properly to the extent that if a cup of water was placed on your back it wouldn?t spill (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P266)
(29) Avoiding swaying the head up and down, it should be in line with your back. The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم said, "The Salaah of a person who does not keep his back straight in ruku? and sajdah is incomplete" (as?sunan-ul-kubra, V2, P126, Darul-Kutubil Ilmiyyah Beirut) The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم says, "Do your ruku? and sujood properly for I swear by Allah عَزَّوَجَل! I can see you from behind myself". (Muslim Shareef, V1, P180)
(30) It is preferable that you start to say Allahu Akbar as you start to bow for ruku? and finish saying it at the same time you fully reach the ruku? position. (alamgiri, V1, P69) To cover this space you should stretch the laam of Allah, and not the baa of Akbar (or any other letter). (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P72, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef) Saying Aallahu, Aakbar or Akbaar invalidates the Salaah. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P232)
Sunan of Qauma
(31) Letting you?re hands drop down to your sides when standing after ruku?.
(32) For the Imaam to say سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه when getting up from the ruku.
[color="#008000"](33) For the muqtadi to say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد
(34) For the munfarid (one praying alone) to say both is Sunnah. The Sunnah will be fulfilled even if the words رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد are said but is better to have the letter "waw" after the word "rabbana". To have "Allahumma" added on is even better and to add both is again even better than this, in other words one should say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P310)
(35) The munfarid should say سَمِعَ اﷲ ُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه as he gets up from ruku?, and when he has stood up straight he should say اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَ لَکَ الْحَمْد (alamgiri, V1, P74)
Sunan of Sajdah
(36) Saying Allahu Akbar to go into sajdah and
(37) to get up from sajdah. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P261)
(38) Saying سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّيَ الْاَعْلٰي at least three times in sajdah.
(39) Placing the palm of the hands on the ground in sajdah.
(40) Having the fingers close together facing qiblah.
(41) When going into sajdah first place the knees on the ground and then
(42) the hands and then
(43) the nose and then
(44) the forehead.
(45) Getting up the opposite way, meaning
(46) lifting the forehead first and then
(47) the nose and then
(48) the hands and then
(49) the knees.
(50) For men it is Sunnah to have the arms away from the sides and
(51) the thighs away from the stomach. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P266)
(52) Do not lay your forearms on the ground. If you are with others in a row then keep your arms close to your sides. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P257)
(53) All ten toes of both feet should be pressed against the ground so that they face the qiblah. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P267)
Sunan of Jalsa
(54) Sitting between both sajday is called jalsa.
(55) Sitting on the left foot with the right foot straight and the left foot flat.
(56) Facing the toes of the right foot towards qiblah.
(57) Placing both hands on the thighs. (tabyeen-ul-haqaiq, V1, P111)
Sunan of getting up for the second rak?at
(58) After the completion of both sajday it is Sunnah to stand up for the second rak?at laying pressure on the toes as you stand
(59) with the hands on the knees. However, standing with your hands on the ground for support due to weakness or pain is acceptable. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P262)
Sunan of Qa?dah
(60) After completing the sujud of the 2nd rak?at, it is Sunnah for men to lay the left foot flat
(61) sit with both buttocks on the left foot
(62) keeping the right foot straight
(63) and facing the toes of the right foot towards qiblah. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P75)
(64) Keeping the right hand on the right thigh
(65) and the left hand on the left thigh.
(66) Leaving the fingers in a normal state, not too close and not too wide apart.
(67) Having the tips of the fingers close to the knees, but do not hold the knees. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P265)
(68) Pointing whilst saying the shahadah in at?tahiyyat. The way to do this is to close the small finger and the finger next to it, form a circle with the thumb and the middle finger and lift the index finger as you say the word "Laa". The finger should be kept still and be dropped when the word "Illa" is said, and then all the fingers should be spread out again. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P266)
(69) Sitting in the second qa?dah the same way as the first. Tashahhud must also be read in the second qa?dah as well as the first.
(70) Reading Durood Shareef after tashahhud. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P273) Reading Durood-e-Ibrahim is preferable. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P85)
(71) Reading Durood Shareef after tashahhud in the first qa?dah of nafl and ghair mu?akkadah sunan is also Sunnah. (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P282 ? ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P322)
(72) Saying a Dua after Durood Shareef (ad dur-ul-mukhtar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P283)
Sunan of Salaam
(73) Saying Salaam twice using the following words اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْکُمْ وَرَحْمَةُاﷲ
(74) Turning the head to the right first
(75) and then the left.
(76) Saying both Salaams loudly is Sunnah for the Imam, but the second should be slightly quieter than the first. (alamgiri, V1, P76)
(77) The Imaam will terminate the Salaah as soon as he says the word ?Salaam? the first time even if he does not say the word ?alaikum?, therefore, a latecomer cannot join the congregation at this time, however, if the Imaam says Salaam and then does the prostration of forgetfulness (Sajdah-e-Sahw) (considering he does have to do it) the latecomer can still join the congregation. (rad-dul-muhtar, V1, P352)
(78) When the Imaam turns his head to the right he should intend to greet the people to his right and when he turns to the left, the people on the left, but intention of any woman should not be made (even if there are any in the congregation). Also Kiraman Katibeen and the protecting angels should be greeted during both Salaams, but a particular number of angels should not be thought of. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, V1, P354) (79) The congregates should intend to greet the people and angels on both sides too but as well as this they should intend to greet the Imaam as they turn towards him. If the Imaam is straight in front of you then you should intend to greet him in both Salaams. A munfarid should intend to greet only the angels. (ad dur-ul-mukhtar, V1, P356)
(80) For the muqtadi to follow the movements (ruku?, sujood etc.) of the Imaam throughout the whole Salaah.
Sunan after saying the Salaam
(81) It is Sunnah for the Imaam to turn right or left after saying the Salaam, preferably the right side. To sit facing the congregates is also acceptable but only when there is not a single person still praying who his directly behind the Imam (even if he is in the last row). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P330)
(82) It is permissible for a munfarid to stay in his position and make Dua without turning around. (alamgiri, V1, P77)
Sunan of the Sunnah-e-Ba?diyyah (Sunan after the faraidh)
(83) You should not talk after the faraidh which have sunan following them, if you do, the sunan will still be valid but the reward will be reduced. To delay the sunan is also Makrooh. Similarly, long auraad (formulas) are not permitted (after the faraidh and before the sunan). (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P331, rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P300)
(84) The Dua made after the faraidh and before the sunan should be kept short or else the reward will be reduced. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Part 3, P81, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareili Shareef)
(85) The strongest opinion regarding speaking between the sunan and faraidh is that the sunan are not invalidated, however, the reward is reduced. The same applies to any other action that opposes tahreemah. (tanweer-ul-absaar ma? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P558)
(86) The sunan should be prayed by moving to a different spot or at home, not in the same place. (alamgiri, V1, P77) (The sunan are not affected by the time taken to go home. It is a sin to walk past someone praying his Salaah or to turn and face him in order to change your place or to walk home, therefore, if you do not find room to move you should pray the rest of the Salaah where you are)
An important ruling regarding the Sunan
The Islamic brothers that start walking around and talking after praying the sunan before the faraidh or Sunnah-e-Ba?diyyah should learn a lesson from the following blessed fatwa of AlaHazrat رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه. In reply to a question he was asked he answered, "The best time for the sunan before the faraid is the beginning time of the Salaah, but this is if speaking or any other act that contradicts Salaah is avoided between the faraidh and sunan. And the best time for the sunan after the faraidh is immediately after, unless a person decides to come home and pray, in which case a delay would be acceptable, however, any delay due to contradictory actions should be avoided. Such a delay will result in losing the reward of the sunan prior to and after the faraidh and will take them out of the prescribed Sunnah method". (fatawa-e-Razawiyyah Jadeed, V5, P139, Raza Foundation, Markaz-ul-Auliya Lahore)
The previous 86 Sunan apply to Islamic sisters aswell
Now follow 10 Sunan specifically for Islamic sisters
(1) Lifting the hands up to the shoulders for Takbeer-e-Tahreema and Takbeer-e-Qunoot is Sunnah for Islamic Sisters. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P236)
(2) In qiyaam women and eunuchs should place their left palms just below their chests with their right palms on top. (ghuniya-tul-mustamli, P294)
(3) For Islamic Sisters it is Sunnah to place their hands on their knees in ruku? but to avoid spreading the fingers. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P258)
(4) Islamic sisters should bow only slightly in ruku? (just enough for the hands to reach the knees). The back should not be completely straight and they must not push down on their knees (simply place their hands above them). Their fingers should be close together and legs should be slightly bent, not completely straight like men. (alamgiri, V1, P74)
(5) Keep the body close together in sajdah, in other words make the arms touch the sides and
(6) make the stomach touch the thighs and
(7) make the thighs touch the shins and
make the shins touch the ground.
(9) After completing the sujood of the second rak?at both feet should be pointed towards the right.
(10) Sit on the left buttock. (al hidayah ma? fathul qadeer, V1, P75)
14 desirable acts of Salaah
(1) Verbally pronouncing the intention. (tanweer-ul-absar wa? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P113) This is considering you have the intention in your heart because if you do not the Salaah will not be valid.
(2) Leaving a gap of four fingers between both feet when standing. (alamgiri, V1, P73)
(3) Looking at the place of prostration when in the standing position
(4) looking at the back of the feet when in ruku
(5) looking at the nose in sajdah
(6) looking at you?re lap when in qa?dah
(7) looking at the right shoulder in the first Salaam and
looking at the left shoulder in the second Salaam. (tanweer-ul-absaar wa? rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P214)
(9) For a munfarid to say the tasbih more than three times in ruku? and sujood (but in odd numbers i.e. 5, 7, 9). (rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P242)
(10) The book "Hilyah" as well as others mentions that Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Mubarak رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ and other scholars have said it is desirable for the Imaam to say the tasbihaat 5 times.
(11) If you feel the need to cough, it is desirable to prevent yourself from doing so as much as possible. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P277)
(12) If you feel the need to yawn then keep your mouth closed but if this not possible then bite your lip. If this does not help either then use the back of your right hand in qiyaam, and the back of the left hand in every other position to cover your mouth. A very good way to prevent yawning is to think to yourself that The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْه وَاٰله وَسَلَّم and the other Prophets ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢﺍﻟﺴﻼﻢ never yawned. In?shaa-Allah عَزَّوَجَل this thought will prevent you yawning. (mulakhkhasan ad dur-ul-mukhtar wa rad-dul-muhtar, V2, P215)
(13) For the Imaam and congregates to stand when the mukabbir says حَيَّ عَلَي الْفَلَاحِ ط (alamgiri, V1, P57, Maktaba Haqqaniyyah)
(14) Prostrating without anything in between your forehead and the ground. (maraqil falah ma? hashiya-tut-tahtawi, P371)
What Umar bin Abdul Aziz رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْه ُ used to do
Hujja-tul-Islam Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Ghazali رَحْمَةُ الله عَلَيْه narrates that Sayyiduna Umar bin Abdul Aziz رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ always prostrated on the ground without a prayer mat or anything else present. (Ihya-ul-Uloom, V1, P204, Beirut)